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Table 6 Predictors of neonatal death among neonates admitted in Amhara region referral hospitals, Northern Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 612)

From: Incidence and predictors of neonatal mortality among neonates admitted in Amhara regional state referral hospitals, Ethiopia: prospective follow up study

VariablesOutcome of admissionBivariate analysisMultivariable analysis
Death n (%)Censored n (%)CHR with 95% CIAHR with 95% CI
Maternal age
 < 35 yrs.72 (14.3)432 (85.7)11
 ≥ 35 yrs42 (38.9)66 (61.1)3.82 (2.03,4.35)*2.60 (1.44,4.72)*
Residence
 Urban56 (14.6)327 (85.4)11
 Rural58 (25.3)171 (74.7)1.98 (1.27,2.66)*1.22 (0.66,2.25)
Maternal education
 Able to read and write55 (13.6)350 (86.4)11
 Unable to read & write59 (28.5)148 (71.5)2.54 (1.60,3.35)*1.40 (1.23,2.44)*
Age at admission
 Early111 (20.98)418 (79.02)7.08 (2.05,20.32)*2.87 (0.84,9.87)
 Late3 (3.61)80 (96.39)11
Cry at birth
 No80 (32.92)163 (67.08)4.84 (2.64,5.90)*0.93 (0.49,1.78)
 Yes34 (9.21)335 (90.79)11
Number of ANC visit
 012 (31.58)26 (68.42)4.26 (1.79,7.04)*0.78 (0.27,2.24)
 1–376 (24.68)232 (75.32)3.02 (1.53,3.74)0.91 (0.49,1.65)
 ≥ 426 (9.77)240 (90.23)11
Received TT vaccination
 Yes82 (16.27)422 (83.73)1 
 No32 (29.63)76 (70.36)2.17 (1.33,3.01)*2.14 (1.00,4.15)
Type of pregnancy
 Single-tone82 (15.0)466 (85.0)11
 Multiple32 (50.0)32 (50.0)5.68 (2.95, 6.73)*3.96 (2.10,7.46)*
Sex of neonate
 Male58 (15.9)307 (84.1)11
 Female56 (22.7)191 (77.3)1.55 (0.96,2.01)0.76 (0.48,1.19)
History of stillbirth
 No84 (16.67)420 (83.33)1 
 Yes30 (27.78)78 (72.22)1.92 (0.94,2.18)0.56 (0.31,1.02)
Delivery complication
 No22 (7.6)267 (92.4)11
 Yes92 (28.5)231 (71.5)4.83 (2.47,6.30)*1.30 (0.68, 2.48)
Neonatal sepsis
 No86 (23.1)286 (76.9)11
 Yes103 (42.92137 (57.08)2.50 (1.81,5.27)*0.69 (0.49,1.19)
Fetal presentation
 Cephalic95 (17.0)465 (83.0)11
 Non-Cephalic19 (36.5)33 (63.5)2.82 (1.61,4.33)*1.08 (0.58,2.02)
Mother HIV status
 Negative106 (17.8)491 (82.2)11
 Positive8 (53.3)7 (46.7)5.29 (2.24,5.36)*6.57 (2.53,17.06)*
Parity
 132 (12.2)231 (87.8)0.49 (0.36,0.86)*1.12 (0.62,1.98)
 2–459 (21.9)211 (78.1)11
 ≥ 523 (29.1)56 (70.9)1.47 (0.87, 2.28)1.17 (0.56,2.44)