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Table 6 Predictors of neonatal death among neonates admitted in Amhara region referral hospitals, Northern Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 612)

From: Incidence and predictors of neonatal mortality among neonates admitted in Amhara regional state referral hospitals, Ethiopia: prospective follow up study

Variables Outcome of admission Bivariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Death n (%) Censored n (%) CHR with 95% CI AHR with 95% CI
Maternal age
 < 35 yrs. 72 (14.3) 432 (85.7) 1 1
 ≥ 35 yrs 42 (38.9) 66 (61.1) 3.82 (2.03,4.35)* 2.60 (1.44,4.72)*
Residence
 Urban 56 (14.6) 327 (85.4) 1 1
 Rural 58 (25.3) 171 (74.7) 1.98 (1.27,2.66)* 1.22 (0.66,2.25)
Maternal education
 Able to read and write 55 (13.6) 350 (86.4) 1 1
 Unable to read & write 59 (28.5) 148 (71.5) 2.54 (1.60,3.35)* 1.40 (1.23,2.44)*
Age at admission
 Early 111 (20.98) 418 (79.02) 7.08 (2.05,20.32)* 2.87 (0.84,9.87)
 Late 3 (3.61) 80 (96.39) 1 1
Cry at birth
 No 80 (32.92) 163 (67.08) 4.84 (2.64,5.90)* 0.93 (0.49,1.78)
 Yes 34 (9.21) 335 (90.79) 1 1
Number of ANC visit
 0 12 (31.58) 26 (68.42) 4.26 (1.79,7.04)* 0.78 (0.27,2.24)
 1–3 76 (24.68) 232 (75.32) 3.02 (1.53,3.74) 0.91 (0.49,1.65)
 ≥ 4 26 (9.77) 240 (90.23) 1 1
Received TT vaccination
 Yes 82 (16.27) 422 (83.73) 1  
 No 32 (29.63) 76 (70.36) 2.17 (1.33,3.01)* 2.14 (1.00,4.15)
Type of pregnancy
 Single-tone 82 (15.0) 466 (85.0) 1 1
 Multiple 32 (50.0) 32 (50.0) 5.68 (2.95, 6.73)* 3.96 (2.10,7.46)*
Sex of neonate
 Male 58 (15.9) 307 (84.1) 1 1
 Female 56 (22.7) 191 (77.3) 1.55 (0.96,2.01) 0.76 (0.48,1.19)
History of stillbirth
 No 84 (16.67) 420 (83.33) 1  
 Yes 30 (27.78) 78 (72.22) 1.92 (0.94,2.18) 0.56 (0.31,1.02)
Delivery complication
 No 22 (7.6) 267 (92.4) 1 1
 Yes 92 (28.5) 231 (71.5) 4.83 (2.47,6.30)* 1.30 (0.68, 2.48)
Neonatal sepsis
 No 86 (23.1) 286 (76.9) 1 1
 Yes 103 (42.92 137 (57.08) 2.50 (1.81,5.27)* 0.69 (0.49,1.19)
Fetal presentation
 Cephalic 95 (17.0) 465 (83.0) 1 1
 Non-Cephalic 19 (36.5) 33 (63.5) 2.82 (1.61,4.33)* 1.08 (0.58,2.02)
Mother HIV status
 Negative 106 (17.8) 491 (82.2) 1 1
 Positive 8 (53.3) 7 (46.7) 5.29 (2.24,5.36)* 6.57 (2.53,17.06)*
Parity
 1 32 (12.2) 231 (87.8) 0.49 (0.36,0.86)* 1.12 (0.62,1.98)
 2–4 59 (21.9) 211 (78.1) 1 1
 ≥ 5 23 (29.1) 56 (70.9) 1.47 (0.87, 2.28) 1.17 (0.56,2.44)