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Table 1 Patient characteristics of EMS RETTS-p triaged patients vs. No triage colour

From: The performance of the EMS triage (RETTS-p) and the agreement between the field assessment and final hospital diagnosis: a prospective observational study among children < 16 years

 EMS triage colourEMS No triage colourTotalP1
n = 390n = 64n = 454 
Age – months (Q1,Q3)
 Median59 (20, 141)23 (14, 50)50 (18, 136)< 0.001
Sex – n (%)0.006
 Male213 (54.6)47 (73.4)260 (57.3)
 Female177 (45.4)17 (26.6)194 (42.7)
PED admission time of day – n (%)0.468
 08:00–16:00137 (35.1)20 (31.3)157 (34.6)
 16:00–24:00187 (47.9)36 (56.3)223 (49.1)
 24:00–08:0066 (16.9)8 (12.5)74 (16.3)
PED flow time – hh:mm (25th, 75th percentile)2 (4,2)3
 Median2:45 (1:46, 4:11)2:18 (1:38, 3:39)2:41 (1:45, 4:02)0.086
Time to physician – hh:mm (25th, 75th percentile)4 (28,6)3
 Median1:33 (0:53, 2:38)1:11 (0:43, 1:43)1:28 (0:51, 2:31)0.016
Medical history – n (%)5
 No prior medical history254 (64.9)43 (67.2)297 (65.4)0.779
 Congenital disability25 (6.4)5 (7.8)30 (6.6)0.595
 Asthma, common cold with asthma23 (5.9)4 (6.3)27 (5.9)0.782
 Febrile non-epileptic convulsions, absences23 (5.9)1 (1.6)24 (5.3)0.227
 Allergies18 (4.6)0 (0.0)18 (4.0)0.090
PED speciality0.582
 Medical265 (67.9)45 (70.3)310 (68.3)
 Surgical83 (21.3)15 (23.4)98 (21.6)
 Orthopaedics42 (10.8)4 (6.3)46 (10.1)
Management PED – n (%)0.885
 Discharged with no intervention122 (31.3)22 (34.4)144 (31.7)
 Discharged with intervention by physician162 (41.5)25 (39.1)187 (41.2)
 Admitted to inpatient care106 (27.2)17 (26.6)123 (27.1)
Days of inpatient care – n (Q1, Q3)6
 Median2 (1,3)4 (2,13)2 (1,4)0.019
Patients with emergent condition – n (%)7
 Vital signs with increased mortality risk > 2.5 times (1, 2)342 (10.8)8 (12.5)50 (11.0)0.688
 Potentially life-threatening diagnosis26 (6.7)5 (7.8)31 (6.8)0.788
 Mortality 30 days – n (%)2 (0.7)3 (4.7)5 (1.1)0.022
  1. 1P-value calculated on group’s triage colour and no colour at 0.01 level
  2. 2Median time from PED admission to discharge or admission to inpatient care
  3. 3Missing patients in EMS triage colour group and EMS no triage colour respectively
  4. 4Elapsed median time from patient call to physician evaluation
  5. 5The five most common medical histories, a patient can have more than one condition
  6. 6Median days of inpatient care among those patients who were admitted
  7. 7Four patients belong to both vital sign and diagnosis group