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Table 4 Model fit indices from confirmatory factor analyses in each country

From: Measuring early childhood development in multiple contexts: the internal factor structure and reliability of the early Human Capability Index in seven low and middle income countries

  X2 (df)RMSEA (90% CI)CFITLI
BrazilFull sample4595.48 (1503)0.034 (0.033–0.035)0.940.94
3-year-olds3772.55 (1394)0.055 (0.053–0.057)0.750.74
4-year-olds4413.833 (1503)0.050 (0.049–0.052)0.820.80
5-year-olds2157.71 (1448)0.034 (0.031–0.037)0.920.92
ChinaFull sample35,272.80 (1616)0.043 (0.042–0.043)0.920.92
3-year-olds10,356.63 (1616)0.040 (0.039–0.041)0.940.93
4-year-olds12,039.11 (1616)0.044 (0.043–0.045)0.870.86
5-year-olds9892.98 (1616)0.039 (0.038–0.040)0.840.83
KiribatiFull sample28,191.32 (1979)0.040 (0.039–0.040)0.930.93
3-year-olds8200.71 (1979)0.038 (0.037–0.039)0.920.92
4-year-olds7057.17 (1682)0.039 (0.038–0.040)0.910.91
5-year-olds6245.19 (1979)0.033 (0.032–0.034)0.910.91
Lao PDRFull sample22,116.62 (1456)0.044 (0.043–0.044)0.900.90
3-year-olds4744.53 (1456)0.036 (0.035–0.037)0.870.86
4-year-olds5528.15 (1456)0.039 (0.038–0.040)0.860.85
5-year-olds5379.22 (1456)0.041 (0.040–0.042)0.890.89
SamoaFull sample89,517.11 (1674)0.066 (0.065–0.066)0.940.93
3-year-olds31,146.12 (1616)0.065 (0.064–0.065)0.930.93
4-year-olds34,712.58 (1674)0.065 (0.065–0.066)0.940.93
5-year-olds14,613.05 (1674)0.062 (0.061–0.062)0.940.94
TongaFull sample23,936.63 (1793)0.045 (0.044–0.045)0.930.93
3-year-olds6172.07 (1793)0.039 (0.038–0.040)0.910.91
4-year-olds7724.07 (1793)0.040 (0.039–0.041)0.920.92
5-year-olds7839.75 (1793)0.041 (0.040–0.042)0.900.90
TuvaluFull sample4144.74 (2043)0.043 (0.041–0.045)0.950.94
3-year-olds2540.33 (2043)0.039 (0.033–0.043)0.950.95
`4-year-olds2483.74 (1854)0.043 (0.039–0.048)0.890.88
5-year-olds2600.80 (2043)0.037 (0.033–0.042)0.890.89
  1. Note. p < .001 for all models, df degrees of freedom, CI Confidence interval. Differing df across CFAs within a country highlight instances where items were dropped from the model to enable estimation of model parameters. In Brazil, read6 and write6 were dropped from the 3yo CFA, and write1 was dropped from the 5yo CFA. In Kiribati, all phys items were dropped from the 4yo CFA. In Samoa, phys2 was dropped from the 3yo CFA. In Tuvalu, phys3, phys4, and phys5 were dropped from the 4yo CFA