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Table 1 Association between socio-demographic and physical activity factors with child’s BMI

From: Prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity among Palestinian school-age children and the associated risk factors: a cross sectional study

 BMI of Children 
CharacteristicsNormal n (%)Overweight n (%)Obese n (%)Underweight n (%)Total n (%)p-value
Living placeCity229
69.6%
42
12.8%
50
15.2%
8
2.4%
329
100.0%
0.002
Village115
59.6%
33
17.1%
29
15.0%
16
8.3%
193
100.0%
Refugees Camp19
51.4%
5
13.5%
12
32.4%
1
2.7%
37
100.0%
Maternal education levelNot educated8
80.0%
2
20.0%
0
.0%
0
.0%
10
100.0%
0.928
Primary school52
65.8%
10
12.7%
15
19.0%
2
2.5%
79
100.0%
High school149
64.5%
37
16.0%
35
15.2%
10
4.3%
231
100.0%
College35
64.8%
6
11.1%
10
18.5%
3
5.6%
54
100.0%
BA or more105
62.5%
24
14.3%
30
17.9%
9
5.4%
168
100.0%
Paternal education levelNot educated7
63.6%
3
27.3%
1
9.1%
0
.0%
11
100.0%
0.315
Primary school74
64.9%
19
16.7%
15
13.2%
6
5.3%
114
100.0%
High school144
64.0%
35
15.6%
34
15.1%
12
5.3%
225
100.0%
College34
56.7%
12
20.0%
13
21.7%
1
1.7%
60
100.0%
BA or more91
68.9%
10
7.6%
26
19.7%
5
3.8%
132
100.0%
Maternal workHousewife279
64.9%
60
14.0%
71
16.5%
20
4.7%
430
100.0%
0.882
Others68
63.0%
18
16.7%
18
16.7%
4
3.7%
108
100.0%
House hold income (NIS)*< 200072
69.2%
11
10.6%
16
15.4%
5
4.8%
104
100.0%
0.717
2000–2999110
65.5%
28
16.7%
23
13.7%
7
4.2%
168
100.0%
3000–399990
60.8%
21
14.2%
32
21.6%
5
3.4%
148
100.0%
> 400069
62.7%
16
14.5%
19
17.3%
6
5.5%
110
100.0%
Maternal BMINormal149
70.0%
34
16.0%
22
10.3%
8
3.8%
213
100.0%
0.049
Overweight118
60.2%
25
12.8%
45
23.0%
8
4.1%
196
100.0%
Obese54
58.1%
17
18.3%
20
21.5%
2
2.2%
93
100.0%
Underweight4
57.1%
1
14.3%
1
14.3%
1
14.3%
7
100.0%
Paternal BMINormal98
75.4%
15
11.5%
12
9.2%
5
3.8%
130
100.0%
0.005
Overweight152
65.5%
37
15.9%
33
14.2%
10
4.3%
232
100.0%
Obese74
54.0%
20
14.6%
38
27.7%
5
3.6%
137
100.0%
Underweight4
100.0%
0
.0%
0
.0%
0
.0%
4
100.0%
Having gestational diabetesYes155
68.5%
31
13.7%
31
13.7%
10
4.4%
227
100.0%
0.773
No347
65.0%
76
14.2%
88
16.5%
23
4.3%
534
100.0%
Mode of deliveryNormal291
66.3%
60
13.7%
67
15.3%
21
4.8%
439
100.0%
0.199
Caesarean69
59.0%
20
17.1%
25
21.4%
3
2.6%
117
100.0%
FeedingBreastfeeding246
66.0%
51
13.7%
59
15.8%
17
4.6%
373
100.0%
0.341
Formulas28
66.7%
3
7.1%
8
19.0%
3
7.1%
42
100.0%
Both79
60.3%
25
19.1%
24
18.3%
3
2.3%
131
100.0%
Smoking during pregnancyYes10
66.7%
2
13.3%
3
20.0%
0
.0%
15
100.0%
0.740
No202
56.4%
60
16.8%
75
20.9%
21
5.9%
358
100.0%
Transporting means to schoolFamily Car or School Bus89
59.3%
20
13.3%
36
24.0%
5
3.3%
150
100.0%
0.031
Walking274
67.5%
59
14.5%
55
13.5%
18
4.4%
406
100.0%
Screen time (minutes)< 3052
61.9%
14
16.7%
12
14.3%
6
7.1%
84
100.0%
0.069
60145
71.1%
28
13.7%
24
11.8%
7
3.4%
204
100.0%
> 60154
59.7%
37
14.3%
56
21.7%
11
4.3%
258
100.0%
Physical activity (minutes)< 3018
56.3%
7
21.9%
5
15.6%
2
6.3%
32
100.0%
0.560
6086
61.4%
18
12.9%
30
21.4%
6
4.3%
140
100.0%
> 60249
66.2%
54
14.4%
57
15.2%
16
4.3%
376
100.0%
WC
mean + SD (N)
Walking68.2 ± 6.5 (106)78.1 ± 9.0 (119)57.1 ± 4.8 (33)7560.000
Birth weight (Kg)
mean + SD (N)
3.2 ± 0.6 (349)3.3 ± 0.7 (80)3.2 ± 0.6 (91)2.9 ± 0.5 (24)5440.154
Child’s daily allowance*
mean + SD (N)
2.7 ± 1.4 (356)2.9 ± 1.3 (80)3.0 ± 1.4 (92)2.8 ± 1.9 (24)5520.557
Total number of family members
mean + SD (N)
6.4 ± 2.2 (356)6.4 ± 1.7 (80)6.2 ± 1.5 (92)6.8 ± 1.3 (24)5520.592
  1. *:NIS: New Israeli Shekel