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Table 4 Significant differences in ABQ scores between ASD children with and without GI symptoms, and between verbal and non-verbal subjects

From: Vocal and motor behaviors as a possible expression of gastrointestinal problems in preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder

 GI children
n = 30
No-GI children
n = 55
p  ≤ 0.01*
≤ 0.001**
Verbal children
n = 39
Non-verbal children
n = 46
p ≤ 0.01*
≤ 0.001**
6-GI Scores4.43 ± 1.280.82 ± 0.80< 0.001**1.74 ± 1.742.39 ± 2.16NS
Total GSI Scores6.73 ± 1.702.04 ± 1.53< 0.001**3.10 ± 2.384.20 ± 2.97NS
Associated Behaviors
 Total Score14.21 ± 5.759.33 ± 6.030.001**   
 VB (overall score)3.67 ± 2.292.55 ± 1.870.017   
 MB (overall score)6.93 ± 4.314.87 ± 3.630.022   
 C (overall score)2.67 ± 1.601.91 ± 1.590.039   
Frequent clearing of throat, swallowing and/or tics0.16 ± 0.440.53 ± 0.630.003
 Sighing and/or whining0.89 ± 0.630.53 ± 0.600.012   
 Moaning and/or groaning0.78 ± 0.700.34 ± 0.520.002*0.34 ± 0.480.62 ± 0.700.044
 Facial grimacing0.78 ± 0.580.31 ± 0.47< 0.001**   
 Constant eating/drinking/swallowing0.80 ± 0.820.22 ± 0.50< 0.001**   
Mouthing behaviors as chewing on clothes, pica0.29 ± 0.560.64 ± 0.750.022
 Application of pressure to abdomen0.61 ± 0.790.25 ± 0.440.010*   
  Tapping behaviors0.15 ± 0.360.02 ± 0.130.021   
  Sleep disturbances1.21 ± 0.690.64 ± 0.780.001**   
  1. Abbreviations: GI Gastrointestinal, No-GI Non-Gastrointestinal, GSI Gastrointestinal Severity Index, VB Verbal behaviors, MB Motor behaviors, C Changes in overall state
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