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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of human metapneumovirus infection in hospitalized children

From: Prevalence, clinical outcomes and rainfall association of acute respiratory infection by human metapneumovirus in children in Bogotá, Colombia

Characterístic HMPV positive group (n = 22) HMPV negative group (n = 398) Total (n = 420) P-value across groups
Age (months) Median: 43 (IQR 9–101) Median: 21 (IQR 6–57) Median: 21 (IQR: 7–60) 0.08
Sex 0.51
 Male 12 (54.6%) 225 (56.5%) 237 (56.4%)
 Female 10 (45.4%) 173 (43.5%) 183 (43.6%)
Comorbidities
 Kidney disease 4 (18.2%) 36 (9%) 40 (9.5%) 0.15
 Liver disease 3 (13.6%) 50 (12.6%) 53 (12.6%) 0.75
 Heart disease 1 (4.5%) 67 (16.8%) 68 (16.2%) 0.23
 Transplant 2 (9.1%) 45 (11.3%) 47 (11.2%) 1.0
 Prematurity 3 (13.6%) 52 (13.1%) 55 (13.1%) 1.0
 Bronchopulmonary dysplasia 2 (9.1%) 50 (12.6%) 52 (12.4%) 0.86
 Metabolic diseases 1 (4.5%) 26 (6.5%) 27 (6.4%) 1.0
 Primary immunodeficiency 1 (4.5%) 39 (9.8%) 40 (9.5%) 0.84
 Cancer 4 (18.2%) 46 (11.6%) 50 (11.9%) 0.32
 Any comorbidity 15 (68.2%) 237 (59.5%) 252 (60%) 0.28
Nutritional status 0.97
 Severe malnutrition 4 (18.2%) 65 (13.3%) 69 (16.4%)
 Malnutrition 4 (18.2%) 78 (19.6%) 82 (19.5%)
 Normal 13 (59.1%) 244 (61.3%) 257 (61.2%)
 Overweight 1 (4.5%) 10 (2.7%) 11 (2.6%)
 Obesity 0 (0%) 1 (0.3%) 1 (0.3%)
Diagnoses 0.75
 Croup 0 (0%) 7 (1.8%) 7 (1.7%)
 Bronchiolitis 3 (13.6%) 74 (18.6%) 77 (18.3%)
 Pneumonia 10 (45.5%) 200 (50.3%) 210 (50%)
 Asthma attack 0 (0%) 18 (4.5%) 18 (4.3%)
 Recurrent wheezing 2 (9.1%) 14 (3.5%) 16 (3.8%)
 Laryngitis 0 (0%) 4 (1%) 4 (0.9%)
 ARDS 3 (13.6%) 24 (6%) 27 (6.4%)
 Rhinopharyngitis 4 (18.2%) 55 (13.8%) 59 (14.1%)
 Sinusitis 0 (0%) 1 (0.3%) 1 (0.3%)
 Tracheitis 0 (0%) 1 (0.3%) 1 (0.3%)
Type of infection 0.43
 HAI 5 (22.7%) 122 (30.6%) 127 (30.2%)
 Community 17 (77.3%) 276 (69.4%) 293 (69.8%)
Bacterial coinfection 6 (27.3%) 151 (38%) 157 (37.4%) 0.31
Antibiotics 0.5
 Yes 17 (77.3%) 281 (70.6%) 298 (71%)
 No 5 (22.7%) 117 (29.4%) 122 (29%)
Viral coinfection 5 (22.7%) 56 (14%) 61 (14.5%) 0.03
Length of hospital stay Median: 10.5 days (IQR 6–26) Median: 12 days (IQR 6–27) Median: 12 days (IQR: 6–27) 0.42