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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and type of infection of under-five children live in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among under-five children in and around Haro Dumal Town, Bale Zone, Ethiopia

Characteristics Frequency No (%) No positive IPI (%) P-value
Age
 6 months—1 year 82 (14.6) 17 (7.9) 0.03
 1–2 years 97 (17.9) 29 (13.4)
 2–3 years 113 (20.1) 36 (16.7)
 3-4 years 117 (20.9) 53 (24.5)
 4–5 years 152 (27.1) 81 (37.5)
Gender
 Male 242 (43.2) 107 (49.4) 0.305
 Female 319 (56.8) 109 (50.6)
Mother educational status
 No formal education 171 (30.5) 93 (43.0) 0.08
 Elementary school 301 (53.7) 57 (26.4)
 High school 81 (14.4) 49 (22.7)
 Certificate and above 8 (1.4) 17 (7.9)
Mother occupation
 Housewife/ unemployed 405 (72.2) 131 (60.6) 0.86
 Employee 5 (0.9) 3 (1.4)
 Merchant 151 (26.9) 82 (38.0)
How a child gets infected with intestinal parasites?
 Contaminated food 161 (28.7) 0.29
 Drinking dirty water 179 (31.9)
 Drinking raw milk 101 (18.0)
 Evil eye 79 (14.1)
 I do not know 41 (7.3)
Does tungiasis contribute to IPI?
 Yes 489 (87.1) 93 (43.1) <0.01
 No 56 (10.0) 5 (2.3)
 I do not know 16 (2.9)
Monthly family income (USD)
 <18 250 (44.6) 111 (51.4) 0.91
 19–54 299 (53.3) 103 (47.7)
 >55 12 (2.1) 2 (0.9)
  1. P-value of X2 test of the trends, IPI Intestinal parasitic infection