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Table 1 Characteristics associated with multi-drug resistant Enterobacteriaceae infection in neonates

From: A review of -multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a neonatal unit in Johannesburg, South Africa

Variable Babies with MDRE sepsis n/N (%) Babies without sepsis n/N (%) p value
Inborn 196/288 (68.1) 1716/2096 (81.9) < 0.001
Attended antenatal care 188/254 (74.0) 1663/1971 (84.4) < 0.001
Maternal chorioamnionitis 7/238 (2.9) 47/1875 (2.5) 0.689
Maternal HIV 108/279 (38.7) 600/2009 (29.9) 0.003
Vaginal Delivery 134/261 (51.3) 902/2076 (43.4) 0.016
Male 157/291 (54.0) 1113/2135 (52.1) 0.697
Multiple gestation 44/284 (15.5) 267/2078 (12.8) 0.216
Resuscitation at birth 112/269 (41.6) 451/2086 (21.6) < 0.001
Oxygen on day 28 118/262 (45.0) 161/1957 (8.2) < 0.001
Nasal CPAP 168/191 (87.9) 961/2146 (44.8) < 0.001
Mechanical ventilation 85/196 (43.4) 791/2101 (37.6) 0.115
Necrotising enterocolitis (Grade 2 and 3) 61/288 (21.2) 164/2080 (7.9) < 0.001
Surgery (excluding necrotising enterocolitis)` 45/284 (15.8) 71/2065 (3.4) < 0.001
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