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Table 3 Duration of exclusive breastfeeding on the odds of a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection in any three-month interval after 12 months of age among children no longer being breastfed and followed in the study until at least 48 months of age (n = 5666)

From: The relationship between breastfeeding and reported respiratory and gastrointestinal infection rates in young children

  Length of exclusive
Breastfeeding on odds of infection in a 3 month period
 
/ months
a-OR (95% CI)
p-value
Respiratory
 Overall 1.009 (0.994–1.023) 0.25
 With fever 1.004 (0.990–1.017) 0.61
 Common cold 1.013 (0.999–1.028) 0.07
 Laryngitis and tracheitis 0.985 (0.939–1.033) 0.54
 Influenza 1.027 (0.983–1.073) 0.23
 Enterovirus 1.002 (0.959–1.048) 0.92
 Tonsillitis or Streptococcal pharyngitis 0.996 (0.956–1.035) 0.84
 Infection of the middle ear 0.971 (0.952–0.991) 0.004
 Bronchitis and lower resp. infection 0.993 (0.974–1.012) 0.48
 Conjunctivitis 0.988 (0.964–1.012) 0.33
Gastrointestinal
 Overall 1.010 (0.996–1.024) 0.16
 With fever 0.998 (0.977–1.018) 0.81
 Infective gastroenteritis 1.014 (0.997–1.031) 0.11
 Gastroenteritis symptoms 1.010 (0.994–1.026) 0.22
  1. Length of exclusive breastfeeding is included in same multivariate outcome on infection a-ORs = odds ratios adjusted (a) for factors in Table 1, and age of the child. Bold face type indicates statistical significance with a p-value < 0.05