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Table 3 Stratified analysis of vital signs according to different age groups between ICU admission on initial PED visit and return PED visit

From: ICU admission following an unscheduled return visit to the pediatric emergency department within 72 hours

Age ICU admission on initial PED visit ICU admission on return PED visit  
Mean ± SEM / N (%) Mean ± SEM / N (%) p-value
< 1 year N = 948 N = 72  
 BT (°C) 37.8 ± 0.04 37.3 ± 0.11 < 0.001*
 Heart Rate (/min) 152 ± 1.3 154 ± 2.8 0.581
 RR (/min) 28 ± 0.2 28 ± 0.6 0.643
 SBP (mmHg) 90 ± 1.0 92 ± 4.7 0.59
 DBP (mmHg) 55 ± 0.8 56 ± 3.3 0.774
1~3 years old N = 114 N = 23  
 BT (°C) 37.6 ± 0.12 37.9 ± 0.33 0.335
 Heart Rate (/min) 147 ± 3.0 155 ± 5.6 0.237
 RR (/min) 26 ± 0.6 27 ± 0.9 0.53
 SBP (mmHg) 108 ± 2.1 120 ± 8.6 0.148
 DBP (mmHg) 68 ± 1.6 74 ± 4.5 0.194
3~6 years old N = 97 N = 12  
 BT (°C) 37.7 ± 0.12 37.6 ± 0.29 0.81
 Heart Rate (/min) 137 ± 3.0 143 ± 5.5 0.424
 RR (/min) 24 ± 0.3 25 ± 0.9 0.251
 SBP (mmHg) 113 ± 2.5 118 ± 6.6 0.52
 DBP (mmHg) 73 ± 1.7 85 ± 8.1 0.17
6~12 years old 126 19  
 BT (°C) 37.5 ± 0.12 37.4 ± 0.32 0.955
 Heart Rate (/min) 128 ± 2.2 120 ± 10.4 0.273
 RR (/min) 24 ± 0.4 24 ± 1.3 0.681
 SBP (mmHg) 118 ± 2.6 107 ± 7.6 0.199
 DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 2.0 68 ± 5.5 0.253
12~18 years old 77 11  
 BT (°C) 37.3 ± 0.14 36.6 ± 0.22 0.058
 Heart Rate (/min) 114 ± 3.4 95 ± 0.6.6 0.057
 RR (/min) 22 ± 0.4 21 ± 1.0 0.655
 SBP (mmHg) 122 ± 3.4 120 ± 9.5 0.854
 DBP (mmHg) 73 ± 2.3 61 ± 7.3 0.099
  1. BT body temperature, RR respiratory rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure
  2. *In the group of age < 1 year old, body temperature was lower in patients with ICU admission on return visit
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