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Table 4 Factors associated with stunting among children aged 24–59 months in Aykel town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: Undernutrition and associated factors among urban children aged 24–59 months in Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study

Variables Stunted COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Yes No
Maternal education
 Unable to read and write 24 49 2.07 (0.86,4.96) 1.91 (0.51,7.18)
 Read and write only 1 3 1.40 (0.13,15.20) 2.82 (0.04,189.00)
 Primary education 25 33 3.20 (1.30,7.81) 2.55 (0.69,9.47)
 Secondary education 36 96 1.58 (69.00,3.60) 1.77 (0.56,5.66)
 Diploma and above 28 106 1 1
Paternal education
 Unable to read and write 33 55 2.26 (1.14,4.49) 1.92 (0.55,6.76)
 Read and write only 0 8 0.00 (0.00,-) 0.00 (0.00, −)
 Primary education 24 40 2.26 (1.08,4.70) 1.36 (0.41,4.59)
 Secondary education 31 77 1.52 (0.77,2.99) 1.17 (0.43,3.21)
 Diploma and above 26 107 1 1
Child age (month)
 24–35 40 115 1.08 (0.62,1.85) 1.09 (0.57,2.07)
 36–47 46 85 1.68 (0.98,2.90) 1.33 (0.69,2.55)
 48–60 28 87 1 1
Birth order
 1st 56 155 1.56 (0.61,4.00) 8.60 (2.4, 3.70)**
 2nd -4th 52 106 2.13 (0.82,5.48) 5.80 (1.8,18.90)**
 ≥ 5th 6 26 1 1
Adequacy of water
 Adequate 23 82 0.63 (0.37,1.06) 0.81 (0.42,1.56)
 Inadequate 91 205 1 1
Meal frequency
 < 3/day 61 57 4.64 (2.90,7.42) 5.09 (2.96, 8.74)***
 ≥ 3/day 53 230 1 1
Family size
 ≤ 4 60 212 0.39 (0.25,0.62) 0.27 (0.14,0.54)***
 > 4 54 75 1 1
Hand washing practice
 Not good 50 103 1.39 (0.89,2.17) 1.40 (0.83, 2.32)
 Good 64 184 1 1
Paternal occupation
 Farmer 37 55 1.57 (0.38,6.46) 1.33 (0.26,6.73)
 Civil servant 35 122 0.67 (0.16,2.72) 0.85 (0.14,5.16)
 Merchant 24 67 0.84 (0.20,3.49) 1.00 (0.18,5.44)
 Private employee 8 13 1.44 (0.29,7.20) 1.13 (0.16,8.23)
 Daily labourers 7 23 0.71 (0.14,3.50) 0.75 (0.12,4.78)
 Hand craft 3 7 1 1
  1. ** Statistically significant variables at p < 0.01, *** statistically significant variables at p < 0.001, the result of Hosmer and Lemshow test was > 0.24