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Table 1 Participant characteristics and comparisons among pain groups

From: Associations between number of pain sites and sleep, sports participation, and quality of life: a cross-sectional survey of 1021 youth from the Midwestern United States

  No Pain (n = 484) Single Site Pain (n = 157) Multi-Site Pain (n = 274) Main Effect NPvSSP NPvMSP SSPvMSP 
Sex, N (%) Girls: 302 (62.8%) Girls: 111 (70.3%) Girls: 216 (78.5%) p < 0.001 ns ns ns
Boys: 179 (37.2%) Boys: 47 (29.7%) Boys: 59 (21.5%)
Age, (years) 14.6 ± 2.0 (14.5–14.8) 15.0 ± 1.9 (14.7–15.3) 14.9 ± 1.9 (14.7–15.2) p = 0.050 na na na
Height (m) 1.65 ± 0.14 (1.63–1.66) 1.66 ± 0.11 (1.64–1.67) 1.65 ± 0.12 (1.64–1.66) p = 0.686 na na na
Weight (kg) 61.2 ± 18.3 (59.6–62.9) 62.0 ± 16.0 (59.5–64.5) 62.1 ± 15.7 (60.2–64.0) p = 0.783 na na na
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 5.6 (21.9–23.0) 22.7 ± 5.8 (21.8–23.7) 22.8 ± 5.2 (22.2–23.4) p = 0.702 na na na
  1. All variables reported as mean ± standard deviation (95% confidence interval), except for sex
  2. NP No Pain, SSP Single-Site Pain, MSP Multi-Site Pain, ns not significant, na not performed