Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate analysis of head circumference (HC) with stunting and wasting at 1st, 12th and 24th month of age

From: Low head circumference during early childhood and its predictors in a semi-urban settlement of Vellore, Southern India

Time point of measurement Stunting (H/A) p-value OR (95% CI) Wasting (W/H) p-value OR (95% CI)
Stunting < − 2 SD (%) No stunting (%) Wasting < − 2 SD (%) No wasting (%)
1st month (n = 228) Low HC 28 (37.3) 47 (62.7) < 0.001 10.8
(4.6–25.3)
26 (36.6) 45 (63.4) < 0.001 4.6
(2.2–9.3)
Normal HC 8 (5.2) 145 (94.8) 17 (11.1) 136 (88.9)
12th month (n = 226) Low HC 50 (42.7) 67 (57.3) < 0.001 3.1
(1.7–5.7)
28 (23.9) 89 (76.1) < 0.001 4.6
(1.9–11)
Normal HC 21 (19.3) 88 (80.7) 7 (6.4) 102 (93.6)
24th month (n = 227) Low HC 65 (55.6) 52 (44.4) < 0.001 2.6
(1.5–4.4)
20 (17.1) 97 (82.9) < 0.05 4.3
(1.6–12)
Normal HC 74 (32.7) 36 (67.3) 5 (4.5) 105 (95.5)
  1. data in bold represents p-value <0.05