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Table 1 Phototherapy devices per hospital, range of irradiance levels, and distances measured and recommended by the manufacturers

From: Current phototherapy practice on Java, Indonesia

PT devices No. of hospitals /devices
(n/n)
Irradiance levels
(μ W/cm2/nm)
Distance
(cm)
Measured
median (range)
Specified by MDA Manufacturera Measured median (range) Recommended
Airshield Foto Tx Systemb 1/1 0.7 (0.5–0.9) 40
Fanem Bilitron 3006c [14] 1/1 2.6 (0.7–3.6) 35–40 40 30
Tesenab [15] 1/1 7.3 (5.4–7.7) 62 24 30
Choongwae PTb 1/ 2 7.9 (5.5–10.3) 41 (37–45)
Gammatech PT BGMb 1/ 4 8.3 (7–10.1) 50
My Life MP-71b 4/5 8.6 (6–15.5) 40 (40–45) 30
GEA XHZ 90b [16] 7/18 11.3 (6.6–39.4) 9–27 40 (25–59)
Nidea PT 2000–1600b 1/ 2 11.7 (7.1–16.1) 30
Medelab [17] 4/12 13.3 (3.5–38.5) 14–31 30 (28–40) 25–40
YON DON PTb 1/ 2 13.7 (9.1–19.7) 40
Onemed GLQ 2b 1/1 14.7 (13–15.7) 40
Ohmeda 2 pcs PT Light II Halogen + Philips Blued [18] 1/1 15.9 (8.4–27.8) 3–76 (15–35) 40
Draeger PT 4000b [19] 2/3 19.1 (9.7–35) 14–27 32.5 (30–35) 30–40
GE Lullaby Fluoresensb [20] 1/ 2 23.3 (13.1–25) 20–30 35 30
Philips TL 20 W/52 SLV/25b 3/5 30.9 (9.1–36.8) 35 (29–37)
Bistos BT 400c [21] 2/3 32.7 (11.9–79.3) >  30 42 (34–50) 30
GE Lullaby LEDc [22] 4/9 39.9 (12.5–57.9) 22–45 40 (32–45) 30
Tende LEDc [23] 2/ 2 46 (36.5–127) 33–120 32.5 (30–35) 40
Seefar 4000 Spotc 1/ 2 65.2 (44.4–80.6) 25
Novos Bilisphere LEDc [24] 1/1 91.4 (65.3–95.7) >  60 17 20
  1. aData provided by the Medical Device Agency (MDA) or Manufacturers in μ W/cm2/nm, the lowest and highest value are presented [14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24]
  2. Type of PT device: bFluorescent, cLED, dHalogen