Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of clusters (women’s self-help groups)

From: Effect of a participatory intervention in women’s self-help groups for the prevention of chronic suppurative otitis media in their children in Jumla Nepal: a cluster-randomised trial

  Intervention Control Total
Number of clusters (women’s self-help groups) 15 15 30
Mean number of women in clusters (SD) 17.93 (2.25) 15.93 (3.28) 16.93 (2.97)
Number of clusters in each VDC
 VDC 1 5 5 10
 VDC 2 10 10 20
Numbers of clusters at distance to the health post (N)
 Less than one hour 12 10 22
 One hour or more 3 5 8
Mean age of women in clusters (mean, SD) 33.58 (3.48) 35.15 (2.03) 34.36 (2.91)
Number of children per woman (mean, SD)
 Total 3.26 (0.39) 3.47 (0.39) 3.37 (0.49)
 Girls 1.76 (0.38) 1.81 (0.24) 1.79 (0.32)
 Boys 1.52 (0.29) 1.66 (0.36) 1.59 (0.33)
Mean number of women of Dalit caste per cluster (SD) 7.67 (8.04) 4.80 (5.74) 6.23 (7.02)
Household size (mean, SD) 6.06 (0.91) 6.15 (0.90) 6.10 (0.89)
Area of household land in hals (mean, SD) 3.29 (1.03) 3.39 (1.47) 3.34 (1.25)
Number of household cattle and buffalo (mean, SD) 3.72 (1.23) 3.73 (1.36) 3.72 (1.22)
Mean number of households with indoor smoking per cluster (SD) 9.80 (3.41) 7.80 (3.47) 8.80 (3.53)
Highest education level woman (mean, SD)
 None 15.47 (3.16) 13.67 (2.77) 14.57 (3.06)
 Some primary 1.47 (1.13) 1.20 (1.27) 1.33 (1.18)
 Some secondary 1.0 (1.60) 1.07 (1.53) 1.03 (1.54)
Highest education level husband (mean, SD)
 None 9.93 (4.52) 7.93 (3.60) 8.93 (4.14)
 Some primary 3.13 (1.81) 3.67 (2.09) 3.40 (1.94)
 Some secondary 4.93 (4.10) 4.33 (3.48) 4.63 (3.75)
Any antenatal care last pregnancy (mean, SD) 15.87 (3.09) 14.67 (3.66) 15.27 (3.38)
Location of last birth (mean, SD)
 In the cowshed 4.80 (3.73) 4.73 (3.08) 4.77 (3.36)
 Inside the house 7.53 (4.94) 7.53 (4.94) 7.97 (4.85)
 At a health facility 4.20 (2.54) 3.80 (2.40) 4.0 (2.44)
Ever taken child to traditional healer (mean, SD) 8.27 (3.58) 7.27 (4.54) 7.77 (4.05)
Mean number of participant children per cluster (SD)
 Total 31.53 (9.23) 30.93 (9.85) 31.23 (9.39)
 Girls 16.07 (6.49) 15.27 (6.11) 15.67 (6.21)
 Boys 15.47 (4.75) 15.67 (5.65) 15.57 (5.13)
Age of children (mean, SD) 6.48 (1.05) 6.49 (1.05) 6.49 (0.96)
Children’s anthropometry (mean, SD)
 Weight of children in kg 17.28 (1.87) 17.23 (2.01) 17.26 (1.91)
 Weight-for-age z-score −1.96 (0.33) −1.93 (0.33) − 1.95 (0.33)
 Height of children in cm 106.51 (6.16) 107.50 (6.01) 107.0 (6.0)
 Height-for-age z-score −2.09 (0.41) −1.98 (0.34) − 2.03 (0.37)
Children’s ear examination (mean, SD)
 Any CSOM 3.67 (1.76) 3.40 (2.06) 3.53 (1.89)
 Any acute otitis media 0.33 (0.62) 0.87 (1.06) 0.6 (0.89)
 Any dullness or retraction eardrum 2.67 (1.95) 4.27 (3.20) 3.47 (2.73)