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Table 4 Reasons for endotracheal intubation by GA

From: Prospective observational study of early respiratory management in preterm neonates less than 35 weeks of gestation

  Intubated < 15 min of Birth Not intubated < 15 min of Birth
26–28 + 6 wks 29–32 + 6 wks 33–34 + 6 wks Overall 26–28 + 6 wks 29–32 + 6 wks 33–34 + 6 wks Overall
(N = 157) (N = 111) (N = 42) (N = 310) (N = 221) (N = 724) (N = 838) (N = 1783)
Airway Stabilization 25 (16%) 21 (19%) 3 (7%) 49 (16%) 13 (6%) 11 (2%) 9 (1%) 33 (2%)
Apneic Episode 36 (23%) 34 (31%) 7 (17%) 77 (25%) 25 (11%) 14 (2%) 10 (1%) 49 (3%)
Desaturation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hypercapnia 2 (1%) 1 (1%) 0 3 (1%) 13 (6%) 21 (3%) 6 (1%) 40 (2%)
MV Administration 94 (60%) 61 (55%) 23 (55%) 178 (57%) 45 (20%) 37 (5%) 25 (3%) 107 (6%)
Increased WOB 31 (20%) 26 (23%) 2 (5%) 59 (19%) 42 (19%) 59 (8%) 33 (4%) 134 (8%)
Resuscitative Measures 103 (66%) 67 (60%) 29 (69%) 199 (64%) 23 (10%) 15 (2%) 9 (1%) 47 (3%)
FiO2 > Unit Threshold 20 (13%) 19 (17%) 2 (5%) 41 (13%) 53 (24%) 68 (9%) 29 (3%) 150 (8%)
Other 65 (41%) 43 (39%) 19 (45%) 117 (38%) 62 (28%) 107 (15%) 60 (7%) 229 (13%)
  1. All values are n (%), calculated from N for each group. Multiple reasons could be checked
  2. Wks weeks, MV Mechanical ventilation, WOB Work of breathing
  3. Note: Surfactant was not provided as a reason for intubation on the collection tool (see text)