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Table 2 Description of study population by disease severity

From: Measuring social participation in children with chronic health conditions: validation and reference values of the child and adolescent scale of participation (CASP) in the German context

   Without chronic health condition (healthy) Mild chronic health condition Severe chronic health condition Total
N (%) 103 (31.50) 174 (53.21) 50 (15.29) 327 (100.00)
n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) missing values
Age (years)   7.23 (0.29) 7.13 (1.37) 6.61 (2.18) 7.08 (1.36)
Sex female 54 (52.43) 75 (43.10) 15 (30.00) 144 (44.04)
Migrant background yes 9*** (8.74) 3 (2.91) 31*** (17.82) 18 (10.34) 19*** (38.00) 13 (26.00) 59 (18.04) 34 (10.40)
Parental education high 66 (64.08) 4 (3.88) 86 (49.43) 5 (2.87) 28 (56.00) 1 (2.00) 180 (55.05) 10 (3.06)
medium 29 (28.16) 7 (44.25) 20 (40.00) 126 (38.53)
low 4 (3.88) 6 (3.45) 1 (2.00) 11 (3.36)
CASP   99.11*** (2.48) 94.65 *** (8.77) 66.86 *** (20.26) 91.80 (14.87)
HrQoL   84.41*** (7.01) 1 (0.97) 78.83*** (10.83) 5 (2.87) 74.02*** (10.21) 7 (14.00) 79.99 (10.24) 13 (3.98)
  1. CASP Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation, HrQoL Health related Quality of Life, SD Standard deviation, *Age-adjusted values, † p < .05;
  2. ** p < .01; *** p < .001
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