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Table 4 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of Emotional and Behavioral Problems among children and adolescent on HAART in West Gojjam Zone Public Hospitals, North West Ethiopia, 2018(N = 411)

From: Emotional and behavioral problems and associated factors among children and adolescents on highly active anti-retroviral therapy in public hospitals of West Gojjam zone, Amhara regional state of Ethiopia, 2018: a cross-sectional study

Variables Categories EBPs status COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI) P-Value
Positive N (%) Negative N (%)
Age in years 5–9 70 (63.6) 40 (36.4) 3.88 (2.14–7.00) 5.33 (2.56,11.04)*** 0.00
10–14 81 (38.4) 130 (61.6) 1.38 (0.82–2.33) 1.95 (1.08–3.55* 0.03
15–18 28 (31.1) 62 (68.9) 1.00 1.00  
School attendance Attended 137 (40.9) 198 (59.1) 1.00 1.00  
Non attended 42 (55.3) 34 (44.7) 1.79 (1.08–2.95) 0.61 (0.31–1.18) 0.14
Caregiver’s educational level College 95 (47.5) 105 (52.5) 1.00 1.00  
Secondary 14 (63.6) 8 (36.4) 1.93 (0.78–4.81) 0.81 (0.26–2.48) 0.71
Primary 13 (40.6) 19 (59.4) 0.76 (0.35–1.61) 0.99 (0.43–2.33) 0.99
Illiterate 57 (36.3) 100 (63.7) 0.63 (0.41–0.97) 0.64 (0.40–1.04) 0.07
Caregiver’s relationship Parent 135 (39.6) 206 (60.4) 1.00 1.00  
Relative 35 (61.4) 22 (38.6) 2.43 (1.37–4.32) 1.95 (0.93–4.07) 0.08
Non-kin 9 (69.2) 4 (30.8) 3.43 (1.04,11.37) 4.64 (1.20–17.90)* 0.03
Parental loss Both alive 56 (33.9) 109 (66.1) 1.00 1.00  
Single 84 (46.4) 97 (53.6) 1.69 (1.09–2.60) 1.73 (1.07–2.81)* 0.03
Both died 39 (60.0) 26 (40.0) 2.92 (1.62–5.28) 2.15 (1.03–4.49)* 0.04
HIV self disclosure status Disclosed 104 (36.1) 184 (63.9) 1.00 1.00  
Non disclosed 75 (60.98) 48 (39.02) 2.76 (1.79–4.27) 1.99 (1.16–3.41)** 0.01
Care-giver’s mental distress Distressed 87 (50.6) 85 (49.4) 1.64 (1.10–2.43) 1.64 (1.04–2.57)* 0.03
Not distressed 92 (38.5) 147 (61.5) 1.00 1.00  
  1. Abbreviations: HAART Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy
  2. *P-value< 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001