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Table 3 Univariable analysis on stunting

From: Childhood stunting in Thailand: when prolonged breastfeeding interacts with household poverty

Factors Odds ratio (SE) 95% CI
I. Parental level factors
 Maternal education (v no education)
  Primary 0.46 (0.08) 0.33–0.64***
  Secondary 0.37 (0.06) 0.27–0.51***
  Diploma 0.30 (0.06) 0.21–0.44***
  Bachelor’s degree 0.26 (0.05) 0.18–0.37***
  Master’s degree and above 0.41 (0.14) 0.22–0.79*
 Mother’s age at birth (v < 20 years)
  20–29 years 0.84 (0.10) 0.66–1.05
  30–39 years 0.66 (0.08) 0.52–0.84***
   > 40 years 0.68 (0.11) 0.50–0.93*
 Number of ANC (v < 4 times)
    4 Times 0.64 (0.20) 0.35–1.18
  Cannot remember visit number 0.48 (0.15) 0.26–0.89*
 Duration of breastfeeding (v < 12 months)
   > 12 months 1.57 (0.12) 1.35–1.81***
II. Child level factors
 Perceived size of baby at birth (v small)
  Average 0.72 (0.14) 0.49–1.06
  Large 0.59 (0.14) 0.36–0.95*
  Cannot clearly determine the size 0.52 (0.10) 0.36–0.76***
 Child age in months (v 12–23 months)
  24–35 months 0.83 (0.08) 0.69–1.00
  36–47 months 0.75 (0.07) 0.62–0.90***
  48–59 months 0.61 (0.06) 0.50–0.75***
 History of recent diarrhoea (v Yes)
  No 0.92 (0.16) 0.66–1.28
III. Household level factors
 Wealth index (v poorest)
  Poorer 0.69 (0.08) 0.55–0.87***
  Middle 0.59 (0.06) 0.47–0.73***
  Richer 0.46 (0.05) 0.37–0.58***
  Richest 0.39 (0.05) 0.31–0.49***
IV. Community level factors
 Type of residence (v municipal)
  Non-municipal 1.25 (0.09) 1.09–1.44***
 Geographic zone (v Bangkok)
  Central 1.00 (0.15) 0.74–1.34
  Northern 0.94 (0.14) 0.70–1.26
  Northeastern 1.02 (0.15) 0.76–1.36
  Southern 1.22 (0.18) 0.92–1.63
  1. Note: * P-value < 0.05, **P-value < 0.01, and *** P-value < 0.001
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