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Table 1 Early outcomes [death versus survival) in ELBW infants (n = 117) according to demographic and biological characteristics

From: Prospective study of early and late outcomes of extremely low birthweight in Central Saudi Arabia

  Dead (n = 48, 41%) Survived (n = 69, 59%) Total (n = 117, 100%) p-value
Sex
 male 21(31.8) 45(68.2) 66(56.4)  
 female 27(52.9) 24(47.1) 51(43.6) 0.021@
Gestational age
 22–23 8(80.0) 2(20.0) 10(8.6)  
 24–25 24(55.8) 19(44.2) 43(36.8)  
 26–28 12(23.1) 40(76.9) 52(44.4)  
 29–30 4(33.3) 8(66.7) 12(10.2) 0.002@
 Mean ± SD 25.3 ± 2.0 26.4 ± 1.7 26.0 ± 1.9 0.001b
Birth weight
 450–600 g. 21(84.0) 4(16.0) 25(21.4)  
 601–700 g. 10(47.6) 11(52.4) 21(17.9)  
 701–800 g. 8(29.6) 19(70.4) 27(23.1)  
 801–995 g. 9(20.5) 35(79.5) 44(37.6) < 0.001@
 Mean ± SD 663.0 ± 128.6 799.7 ± 116.8 743.6 ± 138.8 < 0.001b
Type of pregnancy
 Single 34(41.5) 48(58.5) 82(70.1) 0.9@
 Multiple 14(40.0) 21(60.0) 35(29.9)
Mode of delivery
 CS 15(29.4) 36(70.6) 51(43.6)  
 Vaginal. 33(50.0) 33(50.0) 66(56.4) 0.025@
Apgar score in 5 min. Mean ± SD 5.7 ± 2.6 7.6 ± 1.3 6.8 ± 2.1 < 0.001b
Maternal factors
 Maternal Age (mean, SD) 28.9 ± 7.2 26.6 ± 8.6 28.0 ± 7.2 0.2b
 Diabetes 5(10.6) 5(7.2) 10 (8.5) 0.5@
 Premature rupture of membrane 9(18.8) 15(21.7) 24(20.3) 0.7@
 Chorioamnionitis 5(10.4) 3(4.3) 8 (7.3) 0.2c
 Prenatal Steroids 29(60.4) 45(65.2) 74 (62.7) 0.6@
  1. @---Chi square test, b-----student t test, c-----Fisher exact test