Skip to main content

Table 3 Physical activity and self-efficacy scores and change in scores over time

From: A physical activity intervention for children with type 1 diabetes- steps to active kids with diabetes (STAK-D): a feasibility study

Outcome Group T1 T2 T3 T1-T2 T1-T3
Mean (SD) n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD) n Difference (95% CI) Difference (95% CI)
Accelerometer MVPA (mins) Whole 84.82 (26.94) 11 69.46 (24.16) 8 - - −15.36 (−40.68, 9.96) -
INT 83.59 (27.25) 7 66.15 (18.67) 4 - - −17.44 (−52.49, 17.61) -
CONT 86.98 (30.42) 4 72.78 (31.38) 4 - - −14.20 (−67.67, 39.27) -
Self-reported physical activity Whole 54.10 (8.47) 13 49.63 (5.01) 8 54.30 (7.86) 10 −4.47 (−11.42, 2.48) 0.20 (−6.99,7.39)
INT 56.78 (9.10) 8 52.00 (5.42) 4 58.80 (7.46) 5 −4.78 (−15.93, 6.37) 2.02 (−8.70, 12.74)
CONT 49.80 (5.72) 5 47.25 (3.77) 4 49.80 (5.72) 5 −2.55 (−10.45, 5.35) 0.00 (−8.34, 8.34)
Self-efficacy Total Whole 60.82 (7.10) 11 58.88 (9.49) 8 58.80 (9.14) 10 −1.94 (− 9.95, 6.07) −2.02 (−9.46, 5.42)
INT 61.71 (5.71) 7 63.50 (4.65) 4 58.60 (9.81) 5 1.79 (−5.84, 9.42) −3.11 (−13.05, 6.83)
CONT 59.25 (9.88) 4 54.25 (11.47) 4 59.00 (9.57) 5 −5.00 (−23.52, 13.52) −0.25 (−15.64, 15.14)
Self-efficacy Adequacy Whole 21.55 (3.11) 11 21.63 (3.78) 8 21.40 (3.44) 10 0.08 (−3.83, 3.99) −0.15 (−3.64, 3.34)
INT 22.43 (1.81) 7 23.50 (2.38) 4 21.60 (3.97) 5 1.07 (−1.79, 3.93) −0.83 (−4.58, 2.92)
CONT 20.00 (4.55) 4 19.75 (4.27) 4 21.20 (3.27) 5 −0.25 (−7.88, 7.38) 1.20 (−4.94, 7.34)
Self-efficacy Predilection Whole 28.82 (4.12) 11 27.25 (4.80) 8 27.50 (5.28) 10 −1.57 (−5.90, 2.76) −1.32 (−4.31, 1.67)
INT 28.71 (3.99) 7 29.25 (2.75) 4 27.80 (5.36) 5 0.54 (−4.60, 5.68) −0.91 (−6.89, 5.07)
CONT 29.00 (4.97) 4 25.25 (5.97) 4 27.20 (5.81) 5 −3.75 (−13.25, 5.75) −1.80 (−10.37, 6.97)
Self-efficacy Enjoyment Whole 10.45 (1.57) 11 10.00 (2.07) 8 9.90 (1.91) 10 −0.45 (−2.21, 1.31) −0.55 (−2.14, 1.04)
INT 10.57 (1.72) 7 10.75 (1.50) 4 9.20 (2.17) 5 0.18 (−2.16, 2.52) −1.37 (−3.87, 1.13)
CONT 10.25 (1.50) 4 9.25 (2.50) 4 10.60 (1.52) 5 −1.00 (−4.57, 2.57) 0.35 (−2.05, 2.75)
  1. CI confidence interval, CONT control group, INT intervention group, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, SD standard deviation