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Table 1 STAK-D programme content and theoretical underpinning

From: A physical activity intervention for children with type 1 diabetes- steps to active kids with diabetes (STAK-D): a feasibility study

Weeks Intervention content Theoretical underpinning
1–6 Activity diary for children: physical activity advice for children with T1DM, recommendations (five ‘pieces’ of activity a day), safety information, physical activity log and step-count diary. Knowledge
Persuasion (education)
Self-regulation; goal-setting, self-monitoring
Mastery experience
1–6 Pedometer: tool to promote goal-setting and self-monitoring. Self-regulation (self-monitoring and goal setting)
Mastery experience
1–6 STAK street dance DVD: developed for the original STAK programme [16] and teaches children a street dance routine in 28 × 10-min sessions. Vicarious reinforcement (role models)
Mastery experience
Social support
1–6 Group activity sessions: circuit training-style group activity session in a leisure room situated in the hospital supervised by STAK-D volunteers. Children given option to bring friend/sibling. Vicarious reinforcement
Mastery experience
Social support
Verbal persuasion
1, 3, 6 Motivational Interview (MI) and goal-setting: 1:1 session with the researcher at the child’s home to explore children’s perceptions and understanding of physical activity, readiness to change and goal-setting. Readiness to change
Social support
Self-regulation (self-monitoring and goal setting)
1–6 Parents' Booklet: physical activity advice for safe participation aiming to educate and encourage parental involvement. Social support
Observational learning (role models)