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Table 2 Place and circumstances of death

From: Patterns of paediatric end-of-life care: a chart review across different care settings in Switzerland

  Total
N = 149
(100%)
Cardiology
n = 19
(13%)
Neonatology
n = 57
(38%)
Neurology
n = 36
(24%)
Oncology
n = 37
(25%)
p-value
Place of death, n (%)       <  0.001a
 PICU 63 (42) 13 (67) 27 (48) 13 (36) 10 (27)  
 NICU 30 (20) 0 (0) 27 (48) 3 (8) 0 (0)  
 Hospital ward / long-term institution 26 (18) 2 (11) 0 (0) 13 (36) 11 (30)  
 Home 25 (17) 2 (11) 2 (3) 7 (20) 14 (38)  
 Emergency department / Transport 5 (3) 2 (11) 1 (1) 0 (0) 2 (5)  
CPRb
 Yes, n (%) 26 (17) 7 (37) 6 (11) 7 (19) 6 (16) 0.097c
DNR order
 Yes, n (%) 91 (62) 11 (58) 20 (35) 33 (92) 27 (77) <  0.001c
DNR order change within the last four weeks of life
 Yes, n (%) 51 (57) 7 (64) 18 (90) 13 (41) 13 (48) 0.002c
Withdrawal of life-sustaining interventionsd n = 93 n = 13 n = 54 n = 16 n = 10  
 Yes, n (%) 78 (84) 10 (77) 49 (91) 12 (75) 7 (70) 0.203c
  1. PICU Paediatric intensive care unit, NICU Neonatal intensive care unit, CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, DNR Do not resuscitate
  2. aAcross the four groups, based on Fisher’s exact test
  3. bWithin 24 h before death
  4. cAcross the four groups, based on likelihood ratio chi-square
  5. dOnly applies to patients who died in an intensive care unit