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Table 3 Vitamin intake in the studied children from Piła according to gender

From: Gender differences and typical nutrition concerns of the diets of preschool children – the results of the first stage of an intervention study

Nutrient Reference values Girls
(n = 61)
Boys
(n = 61)
All children
(n = 122)
P
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Vitamin A (retinol equivalent) (μg) 300a 702 321 856 390 779 364 0.019
Retinol (μg) NA 368 187 413 225 390 207 NS
Beta-carotene (μg) NA 2007 1196 2618 1758 2313 1529 0.042
Vitamin D (μg) 10a 2.09 1.43 2.54 2.75 2.31 2.19 NS
Vitamin E (mg) 6b 6.24 (5.39c) 2.48 (0.32d) 6.78 (6.26c) 2.78 (0.36d) 6.51 (6.02c) 2.64 (0.24d) NS
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.5a 0.863 0.305 0.972 0.416 0.918 0.367 NS
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.5a 1.367 0.453 1.582 0.540 1.475 0.508 0.007
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.5a 1.33 0.39 1.46 0.46 1.40 0.43 NS
Folic acid (μg) 160a 160.7 37.7 172.4 41.4 166.6 39.9 NS
Vitamin B12 (μg) 1.0a 2.32 0.91 2.61 0.99 2.46 0.96 0.026
Niacin (mg) 6a 9.97 3.18 10.51 3.99 10.24 3.60 NS
Vitamin C (mg) 40a 68.7 28.1 102.0 84.3 85.3 64.8 0.035
  1. NA not available, P significance, NS not significant (P > 0.05)
  2. aEAR, bAI, cmedian, dstandard error