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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate analysis on risk factors associated with positivity rate of neonatal Septicemia at University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia September/2015 to May/2016

From: Bacterial etiologic agents causing neonatal sepsis and associated risk factors in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Variable Bacterial isolates Univariate analysis Multi variate analysis
Yes = 117 No = 134 COR(95% CI) P- value AOR(95% CI) P-value
Mode of delivery
 CS 52 29 2.989 (1.714,5.21) <0.001 5.191 (2.36,11.37) <0.001
 I 5 5 1.667 (0.463,599) 0.434 5.26 (0.875,31.7) 0.070
 SVD 60 100 1   1  
Gestational week
 Pre term 75 17 10.7 (5.607,20.074) <0.001 8.99 (4.175,19.38) <0.001
 Term 42 101 1   1  
Birth weight       
 Very low 40 6 17.3 (6.823,44.03) <0.001 12.37 (4.135,37.04) <0.001
 Low 37 24 4.0 (2.135,7.526) <0.001 2.63 (1.149,6.09) 0.022
 Normal 40 104 1   1  
Apgar score
 Low 49 69 0.679 (0.412,1.12) 0.129 0.438 (0.215,0.892) 0.023
 Normal 68 65 1   1  
  1. Key: COR crude odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, APGAR score Appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiration, CS caesarean section, SVD Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery, I Instrumental