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Table 1 Distributions of bacterial isolates per characteristics of study participants with neonatal septicemia attending the University of Gondar Hospital, North west Ethiopia, September/2015 to May/2016, (N = 251)

From: Bacterial etiologic agents causing neonatal sepsis and associated risk factors in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Characteristic Organism isolated
  Yes n (%) No n (%) Total n (%)
Age in (day) 0–3 84 (71.8) 100 (74.6) 184 (73.3)
>3–28 33 (28.2) 34 (25.4) 67 (26.7)
Sex Male 68 (58.1) 81 (60.4) 149 (59.4)
Female 49 (41.9) 53 (39.6) 102 (40.6)
Residence Urban 70 (59.8) 76 (56.7) 146 (58.2)
Rural 47 (40.2) 58 (43.3) 105 (41.8)
Prolonged labor No 103 (88) 114 (85.1) 217 (86.5)
Yes 14 (12) 20 (14.9) 34 (13.5)
Prolonged rupture of membrane No 94 (80.3) 104 (77.6) 198 (78.9)
Yes 23 (19.7) 30 (22.4) 53 (21.1)
Fever during per partum period No 102 (87.2) 117 (87.3) 219 (87.3)
Yes 15 (12.8) 17 (12.7) 32 (12.7)
Mode of delivery CS 52 (44.4) 29 (21.6) 81 (32.3)
SVD 60 (51.3) 100 (74.6) 160 (63.7)
Instrumental 5 (4.3) 5 (3.7) 10 (4)
History of UTI during gestational period No 92 (78.6) 104 (77.6) 196 (78.1)
Yes 25 (21.4) 30 (22.4) 55 (21.9)
Getting treatment for UTI No 12 (10.3) 15 (11.2) 27 (10.8)
Yes 13 (11.1) 15 (11.2) 28 (11.2)
Gestational week Preterm <37 wks 75 (64.1) 17 (12.7) 92 (36.7)
Term 37–42 wks 42 (35.9) 101 (75.4) 143 (57)
Post term >42 wks 0 (0) 16 (11.9) 16 (6.4)
Birth Weight Very low <1.5 kg 40 (34.2) 6 (4.5) 46 (18.3)
Low 1.5–2.5 kg 37 (31.6) 24 (17.9) 61 (24.3)
Normal >2.5 kg 40 (34.2) 104 (77.6) 144 (57.4)
Apgar score Low <7/ 5 min 49 (41.9) 69 (51.5) 118 (47)
Normal >7 /5 min 68 (58.1) 65 (48.5) 133 (53)
Previous history of neonatal admission No 109 (93.2) 125 (93.3) 234 (93.2)
Yes 8 (6.8) 9 (6.7) 17 (6.8)
Bottle feeding No 112 (95.7) 127 (94.8) 239 (95.2)
Yes 5 (4.3) 7 (5.2) 12 (4.8)
Skin/Local infection No 108 (92.3) 126 (94) 234 (93.2)
Yes 9 (7.7) 8 (6) 17 (6.8)
  1. Key: CS Cesarean Section, SVD Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery