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Table 2 Clinical characteristics (N = 46)

From: Addressing asthma and obesity in children with community health workers: proof-of-concept intervention development

Asthma control
 cACT, mean (SD) 20.9 (3.6)
 cACT <20 (uncontrolled), N (%) 18 (40.0)
 Uncontrolled in last 30 days, N (%)  
  Day symptoms 17 (37.0)
  Night symptoms 23 (50.0)
  Excess quick reliever use 16 (34.8)
  Activity limitations 16 (34.8)
Healthcare utilization for asthma over last 12 months, N (%)
 Emergency room 15 (32.6)
 Hospitalization 6 (13.0)
 Prednisone/prednisolone use 12 (26.1)
Medications
 Have a quick relief medication, N (%) 29 (63.0)
 Have an inhaled corticosteroid, N (%) 20 (43.0)
 Puffs/day inhaled corticosteroid, median (25th, 75th percentile) 0.6 (0.2, 1.4)
 Have a spacer, N (%) 16 (34.8)
 Percent correct technique, mean (SD) 58 (18.3)
Tobacco exposure, N (%)
 Self-reported smoker in the home 21 (45.7)
 Cotinine level >1.0 11 (23.9)
Home triggers, N (%)
 Working vacuum 23 (50.0)
 Dogs 17 (37.0)
 Cats 4 (8.7)
 Problem with roaches 18 (39.1)
 Problem with rats/mice 14 (30.4)
 Problem with mold 22 (47.8)
Allergen sensitivity, N (%)
 Dog 6 (18.0)
 Cat 8 (24.0)
 Dust mite 1 (D. pteronyssinus) 14 (42.0)
 Dust mite 2 (D. farina) 13 (39.0)
Child anthropometrics
 Overweight (BMI 85–95%), N (%) 7 (15)
 Obese (BMI ≥95%), N (%) 39 (84)
Child,a N (%)
 Hemoglobin A1c borderline high (5.7–6.4) 16 (36)
 Hemoglobin A1c elevated (≥6.5) 1 (2)
 LDL cholesterol borderline high (110–129) 4 (9)
 LDL cholesterol elevated (≥130) 6 (13)
 HDL cholesterol borderline low (40–45) 8 (18)
 HDL cholesterol low (<40) 18 (40)
 Triglycerides borderline highb 6 (13)
 Triglycerides elevatedb 29 (64)
Child physical activity
 Minutes of moderate/vigorous physical activity, median (25th, 75th percentile) 39 (29,59)
 Physical activity 60 min/day, N (%) 10 (21.7)
 Self-reported physical activity,c mean (SD) 2.8 (0.7)
Caregiver obese (BMI ≥30), N (%) 28 (60.9)
Caregiver,d N (%)
 Hemoglobin A1c elevated (≥6.5) 10 (31)
 LDL cholesterol elevated (≥160) 2 (5)
 HDL cholesterol low (<40) 10 (23)
 Triglycerides elevated (≥200) 17 (39)
Child screen time >2 hrs/day, N (%) 43 (93.5)
Child seems to stop breathing at night (obstructive sleep apnea), N (%) 10 (21.7)
Food security, N (%)
 Marginal 10 (23.0)
 Low/very low 23 (50.0)
Percent of home food obesogenic, mean (SD) 35 (14)
Self-reported family nutrition in high risk category, N (%) 14 (30.4)
  1. a N = 45
  2. bAge 0–9: 75–99 = borderline high, ≥100 = elevated. Age 10–19: 90–129 = borderline high, ≥130 = elevated
  3. cA score of 1 indicates low physical activity, whereas a score of 5 indicates high physical activity
  4. d N = 44