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Table 3 The frequency of mental health problems in 9–10 month old infants identified by the CIMHS (N = 2973)

From: A new measure for infant mental health screening: development and initial validation

   Boys Girls p-value
% (n) % (n)
Sleep regulation Stable sleeping pattern 5.2 (80) 5.6 (81) 0.620
Falling asleep time 2.4 (36) 2.8 (40) 0.443
Interrupted sleep 4.5 (68) 3.9 (57) 0.525
Any sleeping problem (≥1 problem) 9.9 (152) 10.2 (147) 0.744
Eating Appetite regulation 5.8 (88) 7.2 (102) 0.122
Eats too little 8.6 (131) 11.7 (168) 0.005*
Refusal to eat 8.1 (123) 11.4 (163) 0.002*
Vomiting without otherwise being ill 3.2 (49) 2.8 (41) 0.609
Any eating problem (≥1 problem) 18.6 (286) 21.6 (310) 0.041*
Emotional regulation Generally happy and satisfied 1.0 (16) 1.2 (17) 0.709
Often irritable, fussy, dissatisfied 14.7 (224) 12.2 (174) 0.045*
Cries often 1.8 (27) 1.5 (22) 0.638
Emotionally blunted 0.4 (6) 0.5 (7) 0.692
Any emotional problem (≥1 problem) 15.4 (237) 13.1 (188) 0.074
Curiosity and interest Attention Curiosity, exploring 0.1 (1) 0.1 (1) 0.963
Is able to focus 1.2 (19) 1.0 (14) 0.504
Maintain concentration 3.3 (51) 1.6 (23) 0.003*
Easily distracted 16.6 (244) 13.8 (192) 0.038*
Any attention problem (≥1 problem) 17.7 (272) 14.9 (214) 0.041*
Motor activity Generally increased level of activity 6.2 (94) 5.0 (72) 0.185
Generally reduced level of activity 1.0 (15) 0.9 (13) 0.848
Impulsiveness 4.1 (63) 4.3 (61) 0.825
Any motor activity problem (≥1 problem) 10.2 (157) 9.4 (135) 0.464
Communication and Interaction Eye contact 0.1 (1) 0.1 (2) 0.522
Contact smile 1.1 (17) 1.2 (17) 0.834
Proximity seeking (parents) 0.4 (6) 0.3 (4) 0.598
Mutual communication (parents) 3.5 (52) 2.2 (30) 0.035*
Joint attention 16.9 (253) 15.8 (218) 0.433
Bodily contact 0.9 (13) 0.6 (9) 0.485
Selectivity 4.5 (68) 2.3 (32) 0.001*
Any interaction problem (≥1 problem) 22.2 (341) 19.2 (275) 0.043*
Language Language understanding 5.0 (76) 4.6 (66) 0.627
Verbal expression 6.2 (94) 4.9 (69) 0.121
Any language problem (≥1 problem) 10.1 (156) 8.3 (119) 0.082
Percent with three or more problems   17.7 (272) 17.3 (248) 0.773
  1. CIMHS Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening. * p-value <0.05