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Table 3 Factors independently associated with non-compliance (results of the logistic regression). This analysis included only those children seen in the three centres participating in period 2 of the study

From: Compliance with the current recommendations for prescribing antibiotics for paediatric community-acquired pneumonia is improving: data from a prospective study in a French network

  Compliant Non compliant aOR CI 95 % p
N = 909 N = 676
n (%) n (%)
Period
 First period 672 (52.0) 620 (48.0) 1 - -
 Second period 237 (80.9) 56 (18.5) 0.2 0.1–0.3 <0.001
Age
  < 1 year 97 (33.8) 190 (62.6) 1 - -
  > 1 year 812 (66.2) 486 (37.4) 0.4 0.3–0.5 <0.001
Risk factors for pneumococcal infection
 No 859 (59.2) 591 (40.8) 1 - -
 Yes 30 (21.3) 66 (68.7) 2.4 1.4–4.1 0.002
Respiratory distress
 No 687 (64.0) 386 (36.0) 1 - -
 Yes 207 (43.0) 275 (57.0) 0.8 0.6–1.1 0.62
Ill appearance
 No 679 (63.3) 394 (36.7) 1 - -
 Yes 208 (44.4) 260 (55.6) 1.3 0.9–1.7 0.11
Season
 Winter 353 (38.8) 233 (34.5) 1 - -
 Spring 173 (19) 106 (15.7) 0.8 0.6–1.1 0.21
 Summer 105 (11.6) 95 (14) 1 0.7–1.5 0.97
 Fall 278 (30.6) 242 (35.8) 0.9 0.6–1.2 0.44
Hospitalization
 No 783 (70.7) 324 (29.3) 1   
 Yes 117 (25.2) 348 (74.8) 7 5.1–9.7 <0.001