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Table 5 Advantages and limitations in pediatric population of anthropometrics measurements to identify metabolic alterations

From: Neck circumference as a predictor of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation in children: the ACFIES study

  FPG HDL-C TG SPB/DPB hs-CRP Insulin HOMA-IR
BMI - + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
WC + + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
WHR - - ++ + + + +
WHtR - - ++ ++ + ++ ++
%BF-BIA - + ++ ++ + ++ ++
%BF-Skinfold - ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
NC ++ ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++
  1. (-) Not correlation; (+) Correlation in girls or boys; (++) Correlation in both girls and boys
  2. FPG fasting plasma glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, hs-CRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR waist-to-height ratio, %BF-BIA body fat percentage – bioelectrical impedance analysis, %BF-Skinfold body fat percentage – skinfolds, NC neck circumference