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Table 2 Prevalence of anemia by different factors

From: Determinants of anemia among 6–59 months aged children in Bangladesh: evidence from nationally representative data

Variables Weighted Prevalence 95 % CI p-value*
Household characteristics    
Number of HH members    
 ≤4 49.5 45.0-54.1 0.408
 5-8 53.3 50.2-56.4  
 ≥9 52.1 45.2-59.0  
Number of under-5 children    
 One 51.5 48.4-54.5 0.642
 More than one 52.7 48.3-57.1  
Number of living children    
 1 54.8 50.1-59.5 0.078
 2 47.1 42.6-51.7  
 3 54.0 48.4-59.7  
 >3 53.8 48.0-59.6  
Toilet facilities    
 Improved 49.5 45.7-53.2 0.140
 Non-improved 53.6 49.8-57.4  
Water source    
 Improved 51.1 48.5-53.8 <0.01
 Non-improved 74.3 60.8-87.8  
Wealth index    
 Poor 57.9 53.8-62.0 <0.001
 Middle 52.4 47.9-56.9  
 Rich 44.3 40.0-48.7  
Parental characteristics    
Maternal age (years)    
 <20 65.6 59.0-72.3 <0.001
 20-29 50.2 46.9-53.6  
 30-39 48.8 43.6-53.9  
 ≥40 54.2 40.3-68.1  
Maternal education    
 No education 51.4 45.8-56.9 0.012
 Primary 53.8 49.5-58.0  
 Secondary 53.2 49.2-57.2  
 Higher 37.0 28.1-45.9  
Father's education    
 No education 51.3 46.5-56.1 <0.01
 Primary 56.2 51.6- 60.8  
 Secondary 52.3 47.8-56.8  
 Higher 41.6 34.8-48.4  
Maternal anemia    
 Anemic 61.6 58.2-65.0 <0.001
 Not anemic 44.3 40.9-47.6  
Mother’s BMI    
 <18.5 kg/m2 58.0 53.2-62.8 <0.01
 ≥18.5 kg/m2 49.2 46.3-52.1  
Child’s characteristics    
Sex of children    
 Male 53.0 49.6-56.5 0.363
 Female 50.8 47.2-54.4  
Age of the children (months)    
 6-23 months 70.8 66.8-74.8 <0.001
 24-59 months 42.7 39.6-45.8  
Size of children at birth    
 Large 55.5 49.1-62.0 0.447
 Average 51.0 47.84-54.2  
 Small 52.8 47.1-58.5  
Continuous breastfeeding    
 No 40.2 36.2-44.1 <0.001
 Yes 58.6 55.4-61.8  
Diarrhea in last 2 weeks    
 No 51.9 49.3-54.5 0.815
 Yes 53.3 41.7-64.8  
Fever in last 2 weeks    
 No 48.8 45.6-52.1 <0.01
 Yes 56.9 53.0-60.7  
Stunting    
 No (HAZ ≥ −2 SD) 49.2 46.1-52.3 0.031
 Yes (HAZ < −2 SD) 55.0 50.7-59.3  
Under-weight    
 No (WAZ ≥ −2 SD) 51.5 48.4-54.7 0.905
 Yes (WAZ < −2 SD) 51.8 47.7-55.9  
Wasting    
 No (WHZ ≥ −2 SD) 51.8 49.0-54.6 0.822
 Yes (WHZ < −2 SD) 51.1 45.2-56.9  
Community characteristics    
Place of residence    
 Urban 47.4 42.7-52.2 0.046
 Rural 53.1 50.1-56.2  
  1. *p-value obtained from chi-square test of contingency table