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Table 1 Participant characteristics by gendera

From: Association between anthropometric indices and cardiometabolic risk factors in pre-school children

  All (n = 232) Girls (n = 90) Boys (n = 142) p-valueb
Age (years) 4.1 (0.05) 4.3 (0.07) 4.1 (0.06) 0.032*
Weight (kg) 20.2 (0.31) 20.0 (0.50) 20.0 (0.39) 0.984
Height (cm) 104.6 (0.40) 104.6 (0.63) 104.6 (0.51) 0.886
Height for age z-scorec 0.18 (0.05) 0.10 (0.08) 0.23 (0.07) 0.244
Body mass index (kg/m2) 18.2 (0.22) 18.2 (0.36) 18.2 (0.27) 0.918
Body mass index for age z-scorec 1.70 (0.13) 1.56 (0.19) 1.77 (0.17) 0.423
Waist circunference (cm) 56.3 (0.50) 56.5 (0.83) 56.0 (0.62) 0.624
Waist to height ratio 0.54 (0.01) 0.54 (0.01) 0.53 (0.01) 0.448
Triceps- and subscapular-skinfolds sum (mm) 21.4 (0.60) 22.9 (1.00) 20.4 (0.73) 0.032*
Fat mass index (kg/m2) 3.7 (0.13) 3.9 (0.20) 3.7 (0.16) 0.434
Fasting glucose (mmol-L) 4.60 (0.02) 4.49 (0.03) 4.68 (0.03) 0.000*
Fasting insulin (pmol-L) 44.1 (1.91) 47.7 (3.30) 41.8 (2.31) 0.090
HOMA-IR 1.32 (0.06) 1.4 (0.10) 1.27 (0.07) 0.245
Triglycerides (mmol-L) 1.09 (0.03) 1.03 (0.04) 1.13 (0.04) 0.206
Total cholesterol (mmol-L) 4.33 (0.05) 4.39 (0.09) 4.30 (0.06) 0.414
HDL cholesterol (mmol-L) 1.18 (0.02) 1.21 (0.03) 1.16 (0.03) 0.120
LDL cholesterol (mmol-L) 2.81 (0.05) 2.85 (0.09) 2.78 (0.06) 0.509
Non-HDL cholesterol (mmol-L) 3.15 (0.05) 3.17 (0.09) 3.14 (0.06) 0.978
apoA-I (g-L) 1.26 (0.01) 1.26 (0.02) 1.25 (0.02) 0.503
apoB (g-L) 0.80 (0.01) 0.80 (0.02) 0.79 (0.01) 0.923
apoB/apoA-I 0.66 (0.01) 0.65 (0.02) 0.66 (0.02) 0.707
LDL cholesterol/apoB 3.50 (0.02) 3.54 (0.03) 3.47 (0.03) 0.169
  1. aData presented as mean followed by standard error in parentheses
  2. bp-value refer to differences between gender as derived from T-test
  3. cCalculated from the World Health Organization reference values
  4. *P < 0.05