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Table 4 Calcium, iron and zinc content of porridge and contribution to recommended intakes

From: Feeding practices and nutrient content of complementary meals in rural central Tanzania: implications for dietary adequacy and nutritional status

Porridge ingredients Calcium Iron Zinc Calcium Iron Zinc
[mg/100 g dry weight] mg/portion % RNIa mg/portion % RNIa mg/portion % RNIa
Whole maize flour, Sugar, Water 25.43 ± 1.37 0.45 ± 0.02 0.29 ± 0.01 8.78 2.2 0.16 1.7 0.10 2.4
Whole maize flour, Groundnuts, Salt, Water 78.72 ± 4.25 0.57 ± 0.03 0.36 ± 0.01 28.35 7.1 0.21 2.2 0.13 3.1
Whole maize flour, Groundnuts, Salt, Sugar, Water 34.08 ± 1.84 0.48 ± 0.02 0.25 ± 0.01 11.86 3.0 0.17 1.8 0.09 2.2
Whole maize flour, Baobab flour, Water 55.98 ± 3.02 0.24 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.00 19.06 4.8 0.08 0.9 0.06 1.4
Whole maize flour, Baobab flour, Sugar, Water 95.13 ± 5.14 ND 0.10 ± 0.00 31.91 8.0 NA NA 0.03 0.8
Whole maize flour, Sunflower oil, Salt, Water 106.96 ± 5.78 0.37 ± 0.02 0.17 ± 0.00 37.85 9.5 0.13 1.4 0.06 1.5
Composite flour (Whole maize, Whole finger millet, Groundnuts, Sardines 68.14 ± 3.68 1.49 ± 0.07 0.50 ± 0.01 38.12 9.5 0.83 9.0 0.28 6.8
Whole maize flour, Cow’s milk, Salt, Water 74.27 ± 4.01 0.35 ± 0.02 0.25 ± 0.01 21.87 5.5 0.10 1.1 0.07 1.8
Dehulled maize flour, Salt, Water 74.12 ± 4.00 0.24 ± 0.01 Trace 25.90 6.5 0.08 0.9 NA NA
Dehulled maize flour, Groundnuts, Sugar, Water 72.07 ± 3.89 0.38 ± 0.02 0.20 ± 0.00 27.99 7.0 0.15 1.6 0.08 1.9
Dehulled maize flour, Cow’s milk, Salt, Water 85.33 ± 4.61 0.19 ± 0.01 Trace 24.31 6.1 0.05 0.6 NA NA
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Salt, Water 78.43 ± 4.24 0.08 ± 0.03 0.13 ± 0.00 23.33 5.8 0.02 0.3 0.04 0.9
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Groundnuts, Salt, Water 87.82 ± 4.74 ND 0.19 ± 0.00 26.02 6.5 NA NA 0.06 1.3
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Baobab, Sugar, Water 103.96 ± 5.61 ND ND 30.46 7.6 NA NA NA NA
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Cow’s milk, Sugar, Water 125.55 ± 6.78 ND Trace 36.32 9.1 NA NA NA NA
Whole sorghum flour, Salt, Water 81.40 ± 4.40 0.77 ± 0.04 Trace 23.61 5.9 0.22 2.4 NA NA
Whole sorghum flour, Groundnuts, Salt, Water 103.57 ± 5.60 0.75 ± 0.04 Trace 29.89 7.5 0.22 2.3 NA NA
Whole pearl millet flour, Salt, Water 57.57 ± 3.11 2.05 ± 0.10 0.23 ± 0.01 20.63 5.2 0.73 7.9 0.08 2.0
Whole pearl millet flour, Groundnuts, Salt, Water 97.97 ± 5.29 2.29 ± 0.11 0.35 ± 0.01 35.77 8.9 0.84 9.0 0.13 3.1
Whole finger millet flour, Sugar, Water 93.61 ± 5.06 2.81 ± 0.14 0.44 ± 0.01 35.20 8.8 1.06 11.4 0.16 4.0
Fresh cow’s milk, Water, Sugar 60.12 ± 3.25 ND 0.18 ± 0.00 11.88 3.0 NA NA 0.04 0.9
  1. aProportion of the WHO/FAO (2004) requirements for iron (9.3 mg/day, medium bioavailability), zinc (4.1 mg/day, moderate bioavailability) and calcium (400 mg/day) for 6–11 month-old infants
  2. Data are expressed as mean ± SD on a dry-weight basis
  3. ND not detected. Trace-values less than 0.06 mg/100 g dry weight
  4. NA not applicable because mineral levels were either not detected or values were trace (less than 0.06 mg/100 g dry weight)