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Table 1 Characteristics of infants 0–11 months of age (n = 496), mothers and households participating in the study

From: Feeding practices and nutrient content of complementary meals in rural central Tanzania: implications for dietary adequacy and nutritional status

Variable n (%) mean (SD) Variable n (%) mean (SD)
Infant    Consumption of solid, semi-solid, soft foods at 6–8 mo   
Age (months)     
0-5 175 (35.3)   Breast milk alone 11 (7)  
6-8 157 (31.7)   Breast milk, other foods and fluids 146 (93)  
9-11 164 (33.1)   Infant dietary diversity (n = 390)   1.66 (0.88)
Sex    1-3 food groups 372 (95.4)  
Male 247 (49.7)   4 or more 18 (4.6)  
Female 249 (50.3)   Maternal   
Stunting (n = 492)    Maternal age   26.57 (7.16)
All 166 (33.7) −1.48 (1.32)a Maternal education (years)   4.84 (3.05)
0-5 37 (7.5)   No education 198 (39.9)  
6-8 mo 48 (9.7)   Primary 291 (58.7)  
9-11 mo 81 (16.5)   Secondary and above 7 (1.4)  
Wasting (n = 492)    Place infant was delivered   
All 12 (2.4) 0.47 (1.33)a Health facility 290 (58.5)  
0-5 4 (0.8)   Home 206 (41.5)  
6-8 mo 6 (1.2)   Household   
9-11 mo 2 (0.4)   Household size   5.26 (1.96)
Underweight (n = 492)    Type of household   
All 59 (12.0) −0.61 (1.20)a Male-headed 412 (83.1)  
0-5 14 (2.8)   Female-headed 84 (16.9)  
6-8 mo 20 (4.1)   Eating frequency   2.14 (0.54)
9-11 mo 25 (5.1)   1 42 (8.5)  
Feeding frequency   1.74 (0.73) 2 342 (69.0)  
1 172 (42.5)   3 112 (22.6)  
2 169 (41.7)   If food is sufficient between seasons   
3 62 (15.3)   Yes 153 (30.8)  
4 2 (0.5)   No 343 (69.2)  
  1. aMean and SD of the Z-scores for length-for-age (LAZ), weight-for-length (WLZ) and weight-for-age (WAZ), respectively