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Table 3 Multivariate hierarchical logistic regression results by determinants for infant mortality in the 5 years preceding the survey-adjusted Odds Ratio

From: The socio-economic determinants of infant mortality in Nepal: analysis of Nepal Demographic Health Survey, 2011

Determinants Model I Model II Model III
aOR 95 % CI aOR 95 % CI aOR 95 % CI
Ecological Region          
 Mountain 1.39 0.90 2.16 1.33 0.84 2.10 1.37 0.86 2.17
 Hill 1.03 0.78 1.36 1.03 0.76 1.40 1.05 0.77 1.44
 Terai 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
Development Region          
 Far western 1.62* 1.02 2.57 1.58 0.99 2.53 1.49 0.92 2.40
 Mid western 1.00 0.62 1.61 0.97 0.59 1.58 0.88 0.53 1.45
 Eastern 1.16 0.77 1.77 1.16 0.76 1.77 1.07 0.70 1.64
 Central 1.14 0.77 1.70 1.14 0.76 1.71 1.10 0.73 1.65
 Western 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
Wealth Index          
 Poorest     1.55 0.92 2.61 1.56 0.91 2.68
 Poorer     1.66** 1.00 2.74 1.72** 1.03 2.87
 Middle     1.87** 1.14 3.08 1.95** 1.18 3.24
 Richer     1.40 0.82 2.38 1.43 0.83 2.46
 Richest     1 - - 1 - -
Size of child at birth          
 Larger than average        0.87 0.60 1.26
 Smaller than average        0.90 0.59 1.36
 Very small        3.41*** 2.16 5.38
 Average        1 - -
Birth rank and birth interval          
 First birth rank        1.28 0.92 1.78
 2–3 birth rank & = <2 yrs of birth interval        1.74** 1.16 2.62
 > = 4 birth rank & > 2 yrs of birth interval        0.68 0.43 1.08
 > = 4 birth rank & = <2 yrs of birth interval        2.03** 1.23 3.35
 2–3 birth rank and >2 yrs birth interval        1 - -
−2 Log likelihood 2013    2006    1950   
Nagelkerke R Square 0.005    0.009    0.038   
  1. *** = p < 0.001; ** = p < 0.01and * = p < 0.05, aOR adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval