Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of young infants undergoing routine pulse oximetry at initial study visits and revisits at primary care clinics in Karachi, Pakistan, stratified by study site

From: Utility and feasibility of integrating pulse oximetry into the routine assessment of young infants at primary care clinics in Karachi, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Total Initial visits Revisits
Initial visits Revisits Site 1 Site 2 p Site 1 Site 2 p
Number of visits (n) 529 333 299 230   182 151  
Sex
Male 267 (50.5 %) 186 (55.9 %) 153 (51.2 %) 114 (49.6 %) p=0.71 103 (56.6 %) 83 (55.0 %) p=0.77
Female 262 (49.5 %) 147 (44.1 %) 146 (48.8 %) 116 (50.4 %) 79 (43.4 %) 68 (45.0 %)
Age
0-6 days 177 (33.5 %) 32 (9.6 %) 123 (41.1 %) 54 (23.5 %) p<0.001 18 (9.9 %) 14 (9.3 %) p=0.12
7-29 days 176 (33.3 %) 160 (48.0 %) 95 (31.8 %) 81 (35.2 %) 96 (52.8 %) 64 (42.3 %)
30-59 days 176 (33.3 %) 141 (42.3 %) 81 (27.1 %) 95 (41.3 %) 68 (37.4 %) 73 (48.3 %)
Visit reasona         
Well baby visitb 97 (18.3 %) 26 (7.8 %) 77 (25.8 %) 20 (8.7 %) p<0.001 22 (12.1 %) 4 (2.7 %) p<0.001
Referred for new illness 424 (80.2 %) 209 (62.8 %) 222 (74.3 %) 202 (87.8 %) 154 (84.6 %) 55 (36.4 %)
Follow-up visit for illness 8 (1.5 %) 72 (21.6 %) 0 (0 %) 8 (3.5 %) 6 (3.3 %) 91 (60.3 %)
Parent/guardian’s perception of infant’s illness severityc
Healthy 101 (19.1 %) 26 (7.8 %) 79 (26.4 %) 22 (9.6 %) p<0.001 22 (12.1 %) 4 (2.7 %) p<0.001
Minor illness 406 (76.8 %) 288 (86.5 %) 203 (67.9 %) 203 (88.3 %) 145 (79.7 %) 143 (94.7 %)
Very sick 6 (1.1 %) 8 (2.4 %) 5 (1.7 %) 1 (0.4 %) 7 (3.9 %) 1 (0.7 %)
Life-threatening 2 (0.4 %) 0 (0 %) 2 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %) 0 (0 %)
Physician recommended referral to hospital?
Yes 62 (11.7 %) 48 (14.4 %) 22 (7.4 %) 40 (17.4 %) p=0.001 19 (10.4 %) 29 (19.2 %) p=0.03
No 467 (88.3 %) 285 (85.6 %) 277 (92.6 %) 190 (82.6 %) 163 (89.6 %) 122 (80.8 %)
  1. an = 150 because one infant’s reason for a Site 2 revisit was missing
  2. bWell baby visit refers to a visit for well-child care (vaccination, growth monitoring, nutrition and hygiene education)
  3. cParent/guardian perceptions of infant illness severity were missing at 25 visits (2.9 %)