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Table 3 Summary of the results of various parameters

From: High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents with Williams-Beuren syndrome

  Number (Percentage)
Glucose tolerance (n = 20)  
Impaired fasting glucose 2 (10 %)
Impaired glucose tolerance or DM by OGTT 14 (70 %)
Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR>2) 8 (40 %)
Impaired insulin secretion 3 (15 %)
Renin-aldosterone system (n= 31)  
Increased plasma renin level 14 (45 %)
Increased plasma aldosterone 12 (39 %)
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (n=24)  
High blood pressure >90 percentile 7 (29)
Carotid artery ultrasound (n=15)  
Increased IMT (>0.65 mm) 12 (80 %)
Endothelial dysfunction (n=15)  
FMD <9 % 11 (73 %)
NG-induced dilatation <12 % 2 (13 %)
  1. OGTT: oral glucose tolerance test, DM: diabetes mellitus, HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance, IMT: intima-media thickness of the carotid artery, FMD: flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery, NG: nitroglycerin