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Table 2 Comforting strategies used by health care providers during IV line insertion

From: Comforting strategies and perceived barriers to pediatric pain management during IV line insertion procedure in Uganda’s national referral hospital: A descriptive study

Comforting strategy Frequency Percentage (%) N = 105
Greeted the child   
   Yes 75 72
   No 30 29
Greeted the parent/care taker   
   Yes 94 90
   No 11 10
Allowed child to suckle preferred thumb and or hand   
   Yes 31 30
   No 74 70
Directed one of the child’s fingers into its mouth for sucking   
   Yes 10 10
   No 95 90
Avoided the hand the child favored to use   
   Yes 47 45
   No 58 55
Encouraged skin-to-skin contact with mother   
   Yes 54 51
   No 51 49
Encouraged the mother to breast feed her child   
   Yes 61 58
   No 44 42
Explained procedure to the child and gave opportunity to ask questions   
   Yes 44 42
   No 61 58
Directed the mother to tuck her child   
   Yes 40 38
   No 65 62
Directed the mother to hand-swaddle her child   
   Yes 41 39
   No 64 61
Obtained verbal consent from child and mother   
   Yes 60 57
   No 45 43
Consulted and offered the child the preferred choice of pain relief   
   Yes 6 6
   No 99 94
Established distraction techniques   
   Yes 33 31
   No 72 69
Positioned the child appropriately   
   Yes 89 85
   No 16 15
Allowed the child freedom to select its chosen position   
   Yes 29 28
   No 76 72
Ensured that the chosen position was comfortable   
   Yes 72 69
   No 33 31
Provided play preparation like a doll   
   Yes 19 18
   No 86 82
Consulted the child and mother on previous successes and failures  
   Yes 39 37
   No 66 63