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Table 1 Demographic profile of paediatric patients with bloodstream infection

From: Trends in paediatric bloodstream infections at a South African referral hospital

Variable Number (n) Percentage (%) Age Age Age p-value
<1 yr 1 - 5 yrs 5 - 14 yrs
(n; %) (n; %) (n; %)
Laboratory confirmed-BSI episodes* 864 100% 506 (58.6) 206 (23.8) 152 (17.6) -
Median age (months) 7.5 IQR 3.2 18.2 96 -
  2.9-23.8     
Male 496 57.4 298 (58.9) 111 (53.9) 89 (58.5) 0.41
HIV status       
- Positive 116 13.4 68 (13) 31 (15) 17 (11)  
- Negative 448 52 271 (54) 101 (49) 76 (50) 0.57
- Unknown 299 34.6 167 (33) 74 (36) 59 (39)  
Onset of BSI #       
- Community-acquired 460 53.2 244 (53) 133 (29) 83 (18) <0.001
- Hospital-acquired 404 46.8 262 (65) 73 (18) 69 (17)  
Ward at BSI diagnosis       
- Intensive care 185 21.4 140 (28) 33 (16) 12 (8) <0.001
- General ward 679 78.6 366 (72) 173 (84) 140 (92)  
BSI outcome       
- Died 176 20.4 109 (22) 45 (22) 22 (14) 0.13
- Survived 688 79.6 397 (78) 161 (78) 130 (86)  
Crude mortality rate by age - 20.4 21.5 21.8 14.5 -
  1. *BSI episodes: blood culture sampling episodes that yielded a pathogen, excluding blood cultures that isolated the same organism within 14 days of the original sampling episode; IQR = interquartile range; #CA-BSI = BC submitted within first 72 hours of admission; HA-BSI = BC submitted > 72 hours after admission. Continuous and categorical variables were compared using student t tests and Chi square analysis respectively; p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.