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Table 2 Primary and secondary outcome measures with estimates of effect (between group differences and 95% confidence intervals)

From: Optimising motor learning in infants at high risk of cerebral palsy: a pilot study

Outcome Group Estimate of effect (95% CI) p-value
Time Point Measure GAME (n = 6) SC (n = 7)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Infant goal achievement on motor tasks:
Baseline GAS T-Score 21.50 (1.22) 22.43 (0.98) - -
12-weeks GAS T-Score 60.17 (6.62) 50.71 (18.33) 7.37 (−12.71, 27.45) 0.43
Parent perception of infant motor performance-
Baseline COPM Performance 3.03 (1.01) 3.19 (0.58) - -
12-weeks COPM Performance 7.24 (1.11) 6.58 (2.10) 0.72 (−1.49, 2.92) 0.49
Baseline COPM Satisfaction 4.26 (0.89) 4.81 (1.31) - -
12-weeks COPM Satisfaction 7.42 (1.05) 7.49 (2.56) 0.13 (−2.54, 2.79) 0. 92
Parent enrichment style
Baseline HOME Score 33.83 (3.66) 29.00 (8.08) - -
12-weeks HOME Score 39.83 (2.14) 36.43 (6.90) −0.13 (−3.48, 3.22) 0.93
Infant motor development
Baseline PDMS-2 TMQ 80.17 (8.98) 81.29 (9.20)   
12-weeks PDMS-2 TMQ 84.67 (10.21) 77.71 (8.85) 8.05 (3.88-12.23) <0.00*
Baseline PDMS-2 Total motor SS 35.67 (6.56) 36.43 (6.88) - -
12-weeks PDMS-2 Total motor SS 38.83 (7.44) 33.86 (6.44) 5.72 (2.88, 8.56) .001*
Parent well being
Baseline DASS 21 Total 19.67 (8.71) 24.57 (23.96) - -
12-weeks DASS 21 Total 13.67(11.83) 26.00 (28.75) −7.49 (−24.86, 9.89) 0.36
  1. GAS = Goal Attainment Scaling; COPM = Canadian Occupational Performance Measure; PDMS-2 TMQ = Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – second edition Total Motor Quotient; PDMS-2 total motor SS = Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – second edition total motor standard score; HOME = Home Observation Measurement of the Environment; DASS 21 = Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales short (21 item) version.
  2. *Indicates statistically significant.