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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Optimising motor learning in infants at high risk of cerebral palsy: a pilot study

Characteristic GAME (n = 6) Standard care (n = 7) p value
Gestational age, mean (SD), weeks 35.50 (5.21) 33.57 (7.76) 0.61
Age at baseline, mean (SD), weeks (corrected for prematurity) 17.83 (4.17) 17.43 (3.95) 0.86
Sex: M/F 5/1 6/1 -
Birthweight, (kg) 2.85 (1.19) 2.40 (1.40) 0.54
Parent age, years    
Mother 33.00 (3.34) 33.43 (5.0) 0.86
Father 39.17 (5.12) 38.43 (2.64) 0.76
GAS T-score, mean (SD) 21.50 (1.22) 22.43 (0.96) 0.47
COPM Performance score, mean (SD) 3.03 (1.01) 3.19 (0.58) 0.42
COPM Satisfaction score, mean (SD) 4.26 (0.89) 4.81 (1.31) 0.36
PDMS-2    
Total Motor Quotient 80.17 (8.98) 81.29 (9.20) 0.83
Total Motor Standard Score, mean (SD) 35.67 (6.56) 36.43 (6.88) 0.87
HOME – IT score, mean (SD) 33.83 (3.66) 29.00 (8.08) 0.06
DASS 21 score, mean (SD) 19.67 (8.71) 24.57 (23.96) 0.16
Risk for CP*    
• Premature    
<28 weeks n = 1/6 n = 3/7 -
>28 - < 37 weeks n = 1/6 n = 0/7 -
• HIE n = 2/6 n = 3/7 -
• Multiple Birth n = 2/6 n = 0/7 -
• Hydrocephaly n = 0/6 n = 1/7  
Absent Fidgety General Movements Score (12–16 weeks PTA) n = 6/6 n = 7/7 -
Diagnosis of CP between 5-12months n = 4/6 n = 6/7 -
  1. *Primary risk factor - some participants had >1 risk factor. GAS = Goal Attainment Scaling; COPM = Canadian Occupational Performance Measure; PDMS-2 = Peabody Developmental Motor Scales – second edition; HOME = Home Observation Measurement of the Environment; DASS 21 = Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales short (21 item) version; HIE = Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy; PTA = post term age.