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Table 4 Impulsivity-hyperactivity, habitual eating behavior and parenting style by weight category

From: Impact of physical activity on energy balance, food intake and choice in normal weight and obese children in the setting of acute social stress: a randomized controlled trial

  Normal weight (n = 26) Overweight/obese (n = 24)  
Outcome variables Sedentary (n = 13) Physical activity (n = 13) Sedentary (n = 12) Physical activity (n = 12) Adjusted differences between weight categories
Children      
Conners’ 3 ADHD Index- Child version 7.5 ± 2.8 7.5 ± 3.6 12.8 ± 5.3 10.2 ± 6.0 4.6 (1.5 to 7.7)**
Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire      
 Restrained eating 9.9 ± 4.9 10.9 ± 6 17.3 ± 5.9 17.8 ± 8.7 8.4 (4 to 12.8)***
 Emotional eating 7.8 ± 6.2 10 ± 5.8 5.9 ± 7.1 9.3 ± 9.4 1.1 (−3.2 to 5.3)
 External eating 19.5 ± 7.3 20.5 ± 7 13.3 ± 8.4 16.8 ± 8 −2 (−6.8 to 2.9)
Parents      
Conners’ 3 ADHD Index– Parent version 11.6 ± 3.5 12.3 ± 4.4 10 ± 5.0 13.3 ± 6.5 1.2 (−2 to 4.4)
Alabama Parenting Questionnaire      
 Positive parenting 4.5 ± 0.2 4.5 ± 0.4 4.4 ± 0.3 4.6 ± 0.4 −1 (−0.3 to 0.2)
 Responsable parenting 3.9 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.3 3.8 ± 0.4 4.0 ± 0.5 -.2 (−1 to 0.5)
 Authoritarian parenting 3.8 ± 0.4 3.7 ± 0.6 3.1 ± 0.8 3.9 ± 0.5 -.2 (−0.7 to 0.2)
 Inconsistent parenting 2.5 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.6 2.6 ± 0.7 2.6 ± 0.5 -.3 (−0.2 to 0.7)
 Parental involvement 4.2 ± 0.4 4.2 ± 0.4 4.2 ± 0.5 4.0 ± 0.5 -.04 (−0.4 to 0.3)
 Corporal punishment 1.6 ± 0.5 1.6 ± 0.3 2.2 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.6 .4 (1 to 0.8)*
 Poor monitoring 1.2 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.5 1 (−0.2 to 0.3)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001.
  2. TSST-C = Trier Social Stress Test for Children.
  3. The differences (95% confidence intervals) between weight categories (overweight/obese vs. normal weight children) are adjusted for age, gender, parental socioeconomic status, migrant status and for randomization group.