Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Risk factors for severe stunting in children aged 0-23 months and 0-59 months

From: Prevalence and risk factors for stunting and severe stunting among under-fives in North Maluku province of Indonesia

Characteristic Severely stunted children 0-23 Months Severely stunted children 0-59 Months
  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Region     
Rural 1.00   1.00  
Urban 1.04 (0.64-1.70)   1.33 (1.03-1.71)  
District     
Ternate 1.00   1.00  
Tidore 0.88 (0.29-2.68)   0.60 (0.38-0.94)  
Central Halmahera 1.10 (0.64-1.92)   1.31 (0.91-1.88)  
East Halmahera 1.70 (0.81-3.56)   1.29 (0.81-2.06)  
West Halmahera 0.40 (0.18-0.92)   1.08 (0.78-1.50)  
North Halmahera 0.93 (0.51-1.68)   1.24 (0.84-1.83)  
South Halmahera 0.85 (0.46-1.57)   1.10 (0.82-1.45)  
Sula-Isles 0.72 (0.37-1.40)   0.91 (0.66-1.26)  
Household factors Father's education     
Completed Elementary School (aged 7-12) 1.00   1.00  
Completed Middle School (aged 13-15) 0.78 (0.48-1.26)   0.89 (0.64-1.24)  
Completed High School (aged 16-18) 0.75 (0.51-1.10)   0.68 (0.50-0.91)  
Mother's education     
Completed Elementary School (aged 7-12) 1.00   1.00  
Completed Middle School (aged 13-15) 0.65 (0.41-1.05)   0.70 (0.51-0.98)  
Completed High School (aged 16-18) 0.63 (0.43-0.92)   0.66 (0.49-0.88)  
Parental education     
Both with high education 1.00   1.00  
Father with high education 1.07 (0.44-2.63)   1.37 (0.92-2.04)  
Mother with high education 1.51 (0.97-2.35)   1.38 (1.09-1.73)  
Neither with high education 1.62 (1.09-2.41)   1.43 (1.11-1.84)  
Provided with nutritional information during pregnancy
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.78 (0.56-1.07)   0.77 (0.57-1.03)  
Father's occupation     
Any Labour 1.00   1.00 1.00
Fisherman 0.80 (0.49-1.32)   0.92 (0.70-1.19) 1.13 (0.85-1.52)
No work 1.45 (0.63-3.34)   1.65 (0.92-2.94) 2.04 (1.17-3.53)
Government private officer 0.68 (0.42-1.10)   0.63 (0.45-0.89) 0.79 (0.55-1.14)
Mother's occupation     
Any Labour 1.00   1.00  
Fisherwoman 1.33 (0.62-2.88)   1.31 (0.78-2.22)  
No work 0.93 (0.63-1.39)   0.98 (0.75-1.28)  
Government private officer 1.01 (0.51-2.01)   0.83 (0.49-1.40)  
Parental employment     
Both working 1.00   1.00  
Father only working 0.87 (0.60-1.26)   0.97 (0.79-1.18)  
Mother only working 0.88 (0.16-4.74)   1.83 (0.97-3.47)  
Neither working 1.90 (0.72-5.01)   0.95 (0.47-1.92)  
Household wealth Index     
Poorest 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Middle 0.77 (0.51-1.15) 0.78 (0.52-1.18) 0.87 (0.65-1.16) 0.89 (0.66-1.20)
Least Poor 0.43 (0.24 -0.79) 0.42 (0.23-0.79) 0.50 (0.33-0.75) 0.52 (0.33-0.82)
Household member     
≤5 members 1.00   1.00  
6-12 members 0.86 (0.59-1.24)   0.90 (0.73-1.11)  
Family Meals per day     
2 Times 1.00   1.00  
>2 Times 0.89 (0.60-1.32)   0.93 (0.69-1.26)  
Child level factors     
Child's age (months) 1.08 (1.05-1.12) 1.08 (1.05-1.12) 1.03 (1.02-1.04) 1.02 (1.01-1.03)
Gender     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.63 (0.45-0.89) 0.58 (0.42-0.81) 0.77 (0.63-0.95) 0.72 (0.58-0.90)
Antenatal visit     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.89 (0.60-1.32)   0.77 (0.57-1.03)