Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Risk factors for stunting in children aged 0-23 months and 0-59 months

From: Prevalence and risk factors for stunting and severe stunting among under-fives in North Maluku province of Indonesia

Characteristic Stunted children 0-23 Months Stunted children 0-59 Months
  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (AOR) (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Region     
Rural 1.00   1.00  
Urban 1.13 (0.77-1.65)   1.33 (1.03-1.71)  
District     
Ternate 1.00   1.00  
Tidore 0.53 (0.24-1.17)   0.60 (0.38-0.94)  
Central Halmahera 1.06 (0.66-1.72)   1.31 (0.91-1.88)  
East Halmahera 1.31 (0.76-2.24)   1.29 (0.81-2.06)  
West Halmahera 0.69 (0.38-1.28)   1.08 (0.78-1.50)  
North Halmahera 1.01 (0.62-1.64)   1.24 (0.84-1.83)  
South Halmahera 0.73 (0.46-1.16)   1.10 (0.82-1.45)  
Sula-Isles 0.84 (0.50-1.41)   0.91 (0.66-1.26)  
Household factors Father's education     
Completed Elementary School (aged 7-12) 1.00   1.00  
Completed Middle School (aged 13-15) 0.84 (0.59-1.21)   0.90 (0.71-1.14)  
Completed High School (aged 16-18) 0.76 (0.55-1.05)   0.70 (0.57-0.91)  
Mother's Education     
Completed Elementary School (aged 7-12) 1.00   1.00  
Completed Middle School (aged 13-15) 0.95 (0.69-1.31)   0.85 (0.66-1.09)  
Completed High School (aged 16-18) 0.73 (0.55-0.97)   0.64 (0.50-0.83)  
Parental Education     
Both with high education 1.00   1.00  
Father with high education 1.41 (0.78-2.54)   1.37 (0.92-2.04)  
Mother with high education 1.17 (0.83-1.64)   1.38 (1.09-1.73)  
Neither with high education 1.31 (0.96-1.80)   1.43 (1.11-1.84)  
Provided with nutritional information during pregnancy
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.78 (0.56-1.07)   0.77 (0.57-1.03)  
Father's occupation     
Any Labour 1.00   1.00  
Fisher man 0.93 (0.66-1.32)   0.83 (0.65-1.06)  
No work 1.35 (0.65-2.80)   1.23 (0.77-1.96)  
Government private officer 0.92 (0.62-1.38)   0.77 (0.60-0.99)  
Mother's occupation     
Any Labour 1.00   1.00  
Fisherwoman 1.03 (0.58-1.83)   0.96 (0.65-1.42)  
No work 0.93 (0.69-1.25)   0.93 (0.75-1.17)  
Government private officer 0.96 (0.49-1.92)   0.89 (0.55-1.46)  
Parental employment     
Both working 1.00   1.00  
Father only working 0.92 (0.70-1.21)   0.97 (0.79-1.18)  
Mother only working 1.18 (0.39-3.59)   1.83 (0.97-3.47)  
Neither working 1.41 (0.62-3.20)   0.95 (0.47-1.92)  
Household wealth Index     
Poorest 1.00   1.00 1.00
Middle 0.80 (0.58-1.10)   0.87 (0.65-1.16) 0.78 (0.63-0.98)
Least Poor 0.62 (0.41-0.94)   0.50 (0.33-0.75) 0.62 (0.45-0.85)
Household member     
≤5 members 1.00   1.00  
6-12 members 0.73 (0.56-0.95)   0.90 (0.73-1.11)  
Family Meals per day     
2 Times 1.00 1.00 1.00  
>2 Times 0.74 (0.54-1.02) 0.70 (0.50-0.99) 0.88 (0.70-1.11)  
Child level factors     
Child's age (months) 1.10 (1.07-1.14) 1.11 (1.08-1.14) 1.03 (1.02-1.04) 1.03 (1.02-1.04)
Gender     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.73 (0.54-0.97) 0.67 (0.50-0.89) 0.77 (0.63-0.95) 0.74 (0.59-0.93)
Antenatal visit     
No 1.00   1.00  
Yes 0.89 (0.60-1.32)   0.77 (0.57-1.03)