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Table 2 Laboratory values among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant women at 20–24 weeks gestation

From: Selected hematologic and biochemical measurements in African HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants: the HIV Prevention Trials Network 024 protocol

Laboratory Parameter HIV-infected HIV-uninfected p value*
  n Mean ± SD 95% CI n Mean ± SD 95% CI  
    Lower Upper    Lower Upper  
Red blood cell count 106/μL 2266 3.6 ± 0.5 2.56 4.65 367 3.8 ± 0.6 2.65 4.92 < 0.0001
Hemoglobin g/dl 2262 10.1 ± 1.4 7.1 12.7 367 11.0 ± 1.3 8.2 13.2 < 0.0001
Hematocrit % 2265 29.9 ± 4.2 21.4 37.7 367 32.3 ± 4.6 23.8 39.4 < 0.0001
Platelets 103/μL 2267 231.6 ± 79.9 102 410 367 204.3 ± 64.9 97 350 < 0.0001
White blood cell count 103/μL 2266 6.1 ± 2.0 2.9 10.3 366 6.9 ± 1.9 3.3 11.1 < 0.0001
Lymphocytes % 2197 31.0 ± 9.9 16.4 58.1 358 31.5 ± 8.7 19 57 0.4
Monocytes % 2197 8.1 ± 5.0 1.9 20.9 358 6.8 ± 4.4 1.9 17 < 0.0001
Granulocytes % 2198 60.7 ± 12.5 22.8 78.6 358 61.7 ± 10.8 28.6 77.5 0.1
CD4+ T lymphocyte count cells/μL 2072 374.4 ± 214.6 64 899 246 809.6 ± 257.9 344 1366 < 0.0001
CD8+ T lymphocyte count cells/μL 2072 771.1 ± 357.6 276 1674 246 513.5 ± 196.8 262 1002 < 0.0001
CD4+ T lymphocyte % 287 23.3 ± 10.7 5 46 55 47.6 ± 8.4 33 65 < 0.0001
CD8+ T lymphocyte % 287 55.4 ± 15.3 26 83 55 31.7 ± 8.4 18 50 < 0.0001
Total T lymphocytes as a % of all lymphocytes 235 74.5 ± 14.4 21 94 47 75.6 ± 8.3 60 93 0.6
  1. *P values by Student's t test comparing laboratory values of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected pregnant women at 20–24 weeks gestation.