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Table 2 Aetiological diagnoses associated with acute seizures and outcome

From: The incidence, aetiology and outcome of acute seizures in children admitted to a rural Kenyan district hospital

Diagnosis Patients with seizures, (%, n = 900) Patients without seizures, (%, n = 4,021) Crude OR, (95% CI) P value
Malaria 479 (53.2) 482 (12.0) 8.35 (7.08, 9.85) <0.001
Respiratory tract infections 138 (15.3) 956 (23.8) 0.58 (0.47, 0.71) <0.001
Pyogenic meningitis 24 (2.7) 20 (0.5) 5.48 (2.89, 10.5) <0.001
Encephalopathy of unknown cause (probable viral encephalitis) 15 (1.7) 12 (0.3) 5.66 (2.46, 13.3) <0.001
Gastroenteritis 39 (4.3) 564 (14.0) 0.28 (0.19, 0.39) <0.001
Severe malnutrition 13 (1.4) 230 (5.7) 0.24 (0.13, 0.42) <0.001
Trauma 4 (0.4) 96 (2.4) 0.18 (0.05, 0.48) <0.001
Poisoning 1 (0.1) 42 (1.0) 0.11 (0.003, 0.62) 0.007
Prematurity 1 (0.1) 82 (2.0) 0.05 (0.001, 0.31) <0.001
Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy 5 (0.6) 98 (2.4) 0.23 (0.07, 0.55) <0.001
Neonatal sepsis 33 (3.7) 406 (10.1) 0.34 (0.23, 0.49) <0.001
Others 149 (16.6) 1,076 (26.8) 0.54 (0.45, 0.66) <0.001
Outcome     
   Died 28 (3.1) 226 (5.6) 0.54 (0.35, 0.81) 0.002
   Neurological deficits 11 (1.3) 0 (0) - <0.001