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Table 1 Clinical and laboratory features on admission

From: The incidence, aetiology and outcome of acute seizures in children admitted to a rural Kenyan district hospital

Patient characteristics Patients with seizures Patients without seizures Crude OR, (95% CI) P value
Median (IQR) age, months 25.1 (12.5, 41.4) 13.1 (3.7, 36.3) - <0.001
Males, (%) 488/900 (54.2) 2,311/4,020 (57.5) 0.88 (0.76, 1.01) 0.074
Median (IQR) duration of illness, days 2 (1 – 3) 3 (2 – 4) - <0.001
Fever, (%) 829/900 (92.1) 2,649/4,021 (65.9) 6.05 (4.69, 7.89) <0.001
Severe wasting, (%) 12/900 (1.3) 257/4,019 (6.4) 0.20 (0.10, 0.35) <0.001
Severe anaemia, (%) 56/900 (6.2) 291/4,021 (7.2) 0.85 (0.62, 1.15) 0.282
Mean (SD) WBC, × 103/μl 13.8 (9.9) 14.0 (9.5) - 0.612
Proportion with malaria parasitaemia, (%) 489/885 (55.3) 647/3,910 (16.6) 6.18 (5.27, 7.24) <0.001
Geometric mean (95% CI) parasite density, × 103/μl 34.9 (28.5, 42.6) 20.8 (16.9, 25.7) - <0.001
Hypoglycaemia, (%) 27/864 (3.1) 136/3,682 (3.7) 0.84 (0.53, 1.29) 0.418
Acidosis, (%) 141/401 (35.2) 652/1,665 (39.2) 0.84 (0.67, 1.06) 0.140
Moderate – severe hyponatraemia, (%) 14/438 (3.2) 41/2,064 (2.0) 1.63 (0.81, 3.08) 0.117
Hypokalaemia, (%) 16/438 (3.7) 243/2,061 (11.8) 0.28 (0.16, 0.48) <0.001
Hyperkalaemia, (%) 37/438 (8.5) 239/2,061 (11.6) 0.70 (0.48, 1.02) 0.056
Impaired renal function, (%) 60/407 (14.7) 408/1,864 (21.9) 0.62 (0.45, 0.83) 0.001
Bacteraemia, (%) 23/882 (2.6) 225/3,720 (6.1) 0.42 (0.26, 0.64) <0.001