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Table 3 Comparing MA Users to High-Risk Youth

From: Risk factors for methamphetamine use in youth: a systematic review

Risk Factor Study OR (95% CI) Conclusion
Sexa Uchida 1995 6.55 (2.34, 18.34) Females were more likely to use MA than males.
  Kim 2002 1.53 (1.27, 1.85)  
  Shilungton 2003 4.00 (3.49, 4.58)  
  Rawson 2005 9.53 (5.40, 16.79)  
  Miura 2006 4.57 (2.92, 7.17)  
Ageb Rawson 2005 2.10 (0.84, 5.26) Age was no significantly associated with MA use.
Alcohol use Rawson 2005 1.04 (0.56, 1.95) No association between a history of alcohol use and MA use
Family history of crimec Miura 2006 2.00 (1.22, 3.29) Odds of using MA was higher for youth with family history of crime.
Family history of drug use Miura 2006 4.70 (2.79, 7.90) Odds of using MA was higher for youth with family history of drug use.
Family history of alcohol abuse Uchida 1995 3.61 (1.39, 9.39) Odds of using MA was higher for youth with family history of alcohol abuse.
  Miura 2006 2.94 (1.44, 6.00)  
  Pooledc 3.16 (1.78, 5.61)  
Child abuse Uchida 1995 3.13 (1.24, 7.92) Odds of using MA was higher for youth who experienced child abuse; the association was not statistically significant.
  Miura 2006 1.49 (0.73, 3.07)  
  Pooledd 2.04 (0.99, 4.17)  
Receiving psychiatric treatment Miura 2006 6.78 (3.55, 12.94) Odds of using MA was higher for youth who were receiving psychiatric treatment.
Greater than two admissions to juvenile home Miura 2006 2.70 (1.77, 4.13) Odds of using MA was higher for youth with greater than two admissions to juvenile home.
History of violence Miura 2006 0.35 (0.20, 0.62) Odds of using MA was lower for youth with history of violence.
Strict parental monitoring Shillington 2005 0.25 (0.11, 0.57) Odds of using MA was lower for youth with strict parental monitoring.
  1. a Female = 1, Male = 0
  2. b 13–14 years vs. 15–18 years
  3. c I2 = 0%
  4. d I2 = 34.7%