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Table 2 Comparing MA users to Low-Risk Youth

From: Risk factors for methamphetamine use in youth: a systematic review

Risk Factor Study Statistical Measure Point Estimate (95% CI) Conclusion
Sexa Oetting 2000 OR 0.72 (0.70, 0.75) Odds of using MA were higher for males.
  Sattah 2002 OR 0.34 (0.27, 0.43)  
Years of education Yen 2004 MD 2.70 (2.36, 3.04) Odds of using MA were higher for those with less education.
  Yen 2006 MD 2.60 (2.40, 2.80)  
  Pooledb WMD 2.63 (2.45, 2.80)  
  Sattah 2002 OR 1.31 (1.06, 1.62)  
Sexual behavior Sattah 2002 OR 2.79 (2.25, 3.46) Odds of using MA was higher for those who had previously engaged in sexual intercourse.
  Yen 2004 OR 31.79 (15.56, 64.93)  
Alcohol use Sattah 2002 OR 8.02 (4.53, 14.18) Odds of using MA was higher for those who drink alcohol.
  Yen 2006 OR 51.31 (12.27, 214.68)  
Heroin/opiate use Sattah 2002 OR 30.66 (9.38, 100.17) Odds of using MA was higher for those who had a history of heroin/opiate use.
  Yen 2006 OR 22.53 (1.24, 409.59)  
Smoking Sattah 2002 OR 13.72 (10.69, 17.60) Odds of using MA were higher for those who smoke.
  Yen 2006 OR 154.85 (81.95, 292.60)  
Family history of drug use Yen 2006 OR 8.65 (3.88, 19.25) Odds of using MA were higher for youth with family history of drug use.
Homosexual or bisexual Lampinen 2006 OR 17.02 (4.83, 60.01) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who were homosexual or bisexual.
Experiencing disruptive parenting Yen 2006 OR 7.84 (5.25, 11.71) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who experienced disruptive parenting.
Peers using or providing MA Yen 2006 OR 40.94 (24.64, 68.03) Odds of using MA were higher for youth with peers using or providing MA.
Engaging in unprotected sex Yen 2004 OR 15.68 (8.04, 30.58) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in unprotected sex.
Engaging in unplanned sex under the influence of alcohol Yen 2004 OR 70.42 (9.34, 531.06) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in unplanned sex under the influence of alcohol.
Engaging in sex with an alcohol-intoxicated partner Yen 2004 OR 29.33 (6.70, 128.36) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who engaged in sexual intercourse with an alcohol-intoxicated partner.
Any psychiatric disorder Yen 2006 OR 3.05 (2.12, 4.39) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had any psychiatric disorder.
Adjustment disorder Yen 2006 OR 2.89 (1.53, 5.47) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had adjustment disorder.
Conduct disorder Yen 2006 OR 31.91 (16.06, 63.41) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had conduct disorder.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Yen 2006 OR 2.84 (1.81, 4.47) Odds of using MA were higher for youth who had ADHD.
  1. a Female = 1, Male = 0
  2. b Combine Yen 2004 and Yen 2006, I2 = 0%