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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for individuals captured by each indicator and comparison across indicator categories (n = 7196)

From: Conceptualizing childhood health problems using survey data: a comparison of key indicators

  A: Activity Limitations (n = 767) B: Severe Health Difficulty (n = 1263) C: Chronic Conditions (n = 4374) D: Elevated Service Use (n = 5044)  
  Estimate SI Estimate SI Estimate SI Estimate SI Overall Comparison
Child-specific measures          
Age group          
   4–6 years old, % 32.29BD B0.20 23.34ACD A0.20 33.27BD B0.21 40.50ABC A0.17 X2 3 = 117.40, p < 0.0001
   D0.17   C0.21   D0.15   B0.36  
     D0.36     C0.15  
   7–9 years old, % 40.63   40.81   38.98   36.78   X2 3 = 8.80, p = 0.03
   10–11 years old, % 27.08BD B0.19 35.85AC A0.19 27.74BD B0.18 22.72ABC A0.10 X2 3 = 57.62, p < 0.0001
   D0.10   C0.18   D0.12   B0.30  
     D0.30     C0.12  
% male 60.46   58.54   57.43   55.43   X2 3 = 6.29, ns
% born in Canada 95.72   94.38   96.64   96.21   X2 3 = 2.95, ns
Family-specific measures          
Income, mean (sd) 51,845B (72,089) B0.13 44,498ACD (42,423) A0.13 51,748B (63,859) B0.12 53,009B (90,639) B0.10 F3,4262 = 11.08 p < 0.0001
     C0.12      
     D0.10      
% PMKs with at least high school education 80.29   77.59CD C0.16 83.54B B0.16 83.99B B0.17 X2 3 = 13.68 p = 0.004
     D0.17      
% Two-parent families 76.67   73.63CD C0.22 82.26BD B0.22 79.79BC B0.15 X2 3 = 24.70 p < 0.0001
     D0.15   D0.06   C0.06  
Child health status measures          
% Excellent/very good health 53.62BCD B0.38 71.79AD A0.38 76.44A A0.51 77.95AB A0.56 X2 3 = 88.51 p < 0.0001
   C0.51   D0.15     B0.15  
   D0.56        
% Injured in past year 15.29   14.48   13.65   15.40   X2 3 = 5.72, ns
% Hospitalized in past year 15.74BCD B0.23 8.46A A0.23 7.14AD A0.31 10.40AC A0.17 X2 3 = 104.41 p < 0.0001
   C0.31     D0.11   C0.11  
   D0.17        
% Behaviour problems 41.76BCD B0.41 62.12ACD A0.41 34.94AB A0.14 35.01AB A0.14 X2 3 = 144.11 p < 0.0001
   C0.14   C0.55   B0.55   B0.55  
   D0.14   D0.55      
% Taking medication regularly 58.28BCD B0.77 21.38ACD A0.77 29.82AB A0.60 29.66AB A0.61 X2 3 = 144.02 p < 0.0001
   C0.60   C0.19   B0.19   B0.18  
   D0.61   D0.18      
  1. Children may be identified by more than one indicator category. Superscript letters indicate significant differences (adjusted for multiple comparisons, p < 0.01) between the value and the corresponding value from the column denoted by the letter. Effect sizes (standardized increments) are given only for those comparisons that were found to be statistically significant.